Emotion comprehension (EC) is known to be a key correlate and predictor of prosociality from early childhood. In the present study, we examined this relationship within the broad theoretical construct of social understanding which includes a number of socioemotional skills, as well as cognitive and linguistic abilities. Theory of mind, especially false-belief understanding, has been found to be positively correlated with both EC and prosocial orientation. Similarly, language ability is known to play a key role in children's socio-emotional development. The combined contribution of false-belief understanding and language to explaining the relationship between EC and prosociality has yet to be investigated. Thus, in the current study, we conducted an in-depth exploration of how preschoolers' false-belief understanding and language ability each contribute to modeling the relationship between children's comprehension of emotion and their disposition to act prosocially toward others, after controlling for age and gender. Participants were 101 4-to 6-year-old children (54% boys), who were administered measures of language ability, false-belief understanding, EC and prosocial orientation. Multiple mediation analysis of the data suggested that false-belief understanding and language ability jointly and fully mediated the effect of preschoolers' EC on their prosocial orientation. Analysis of covariates revealed that gender exerted no statistically significant effect, while age had a trivial positive effect. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
Ornaghi, V., Pepe, A., & Grazzani, I. (2016). False-belief understanding and language ability mediate the relationship between emotion comprehension and prosocial orientation in preschoolers. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 7, 1-12 [10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01534].
|Citazione:||Ornaghi, V., Pepe, A., & Grazzani, I. (2016). False-belief understanding and language ability mediate the relationship between emotion comprehension and prosocial orientation in preschoolers. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 7, 1-12 [10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01534].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||False-belief understanding and language ability mediate the relationship between emotion comprehension and prosocial orientation in preschoolers|
|Autori:||Ornaghi, V; Pepe, A.; Grazzani, I|
ORNAGHI, VERONICA MARIA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Rivista:||FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01534|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|