Background Many studies have analysed language development in children with Down syndrome to understand better the nature of their linguistic delays and the reason why these delays, particularly those in the morphosyntactic area, seem greater than their cognitive impairment. However, the prosodic characteristics of language development in children with Down syndrome have been scarcely investigated. Aims To analyse the prosodic skills of children with Down syndrome in the production of multi-word utterances. Data on the prosodic skills of these children were compared with data on typically developing children matched on developmental age and vocabulary size. Between-group differences and the relationships between prosodic and syntactic skills were investigated. Methods & Procedures The participants were nine children with Down syndrome (who ranged in chronological age from 45 to 63 months and had a mean developmental age of 30 months) and 12 30-month-old typically developing children. The children in both groups had a vocabulary size of approximately 450 words. The children's spontaneous productions were recorded during observations of mother-child play sessions. Outcomes & Results Data analyses showed that despite their morphosyntactic difficulties, children with Down syndrome were able to master some aspects of prosody in multi-word utterances. They were able to produce single intonation multi-word utterances on the same level as typically developing children. In addition, the intonation contour of their utterances was not negatively influenced by syntactic complexity, contrary to what occurred in typically developing children, although it has to be considered that the utterances produced by children with Down syndrome were less complex than those produced by children in the control group. However, children with Down syndrome appeared to be less able than typically developing children to use intonation to express the pragmatic interrogative function. Conclusions & Implications The findings are discussed considering the effects of social experience on the utterance prosodic realization.

Zampini, L., Fasolo, M., Spinelli, M., Zanchi, P., Suttora, C., Salerni, N. (2016). Prosodic skills in children with Down syndrome and in typically developing children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION DISORDERS, 51(1), 74-83 [10.1111/1460-6984.12186].

Prosodic skills in children with Down syndrome and in typically developing children

ZAMPINI, LAURA
;
SPINELLI, MARIA;ZANCHI, PAOLA;SUTTORA, CHIARA
Penultimo
;
SALERNI, NICOLETTA
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Background Many studies have analysed language development in children with Down syndrome to understand better the nature of their linguistic delays and the reason why these delays, particularly those in the morphosyntactic area, seem greater than their cognitive impairment. However, the prosodic characteristics of language development in children with Down syndrome have been scarcely investigated. Aims To analyse the prosodic skills of children with Down syndrome in the production of multi-word utterances. Data on the prosodic skills of these children were compared with data on typically developing children matched on developmental age and vocabulary size. Between-group differences and the relationships between prosodic and syntactic skills were investigated. Methods & Procedures The participants were nine children with Down syndrome (who ranged in chronological age from 45 to 63 months and had a mean developmental age of 30 months) and 12 30-month-old typically developing children. The children in both groups had a vocabulary size of approximately 450 words. The children's spontaneous productions were recorded during observations of mother-child play sessions. Outcomes & Results Data analyses showed that despite their morphosyntactic difficulties, children with Down syndrome were able to master some aspects of prosody in multi-word utterances. They were able to produce single intonation multi-word utterances on the same level as typically developing children. In addition, the intonation contour of their utterances was not negatively influenced by syntactic complexity, contrary to what occurred in typically developing children, although it has to be considered that the utterances produced by children with Down syndrome were less complex than those produced by children in the control group. However, children with Down syndrome appeared to be less able than typically developing children to use intonation to express the pragmatic interrogative function. Conclusions & Implications The findings are discussed considering the effects of social experience on the utterance prosodic realization.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Down syndrome; multi-word utterances; prosodic skills; syntactic development;
Down syndrome; multi-word utterances; prosodic skills; syntactic development
English
74
83
10
Zampini, L., Fasolo, M., Spinelli, M., Zanchi, P., Suttora, C., Salerni, N. (2016). Prosodic skills in children with Down syndrome and in typically developing children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION DISORDERS, 51(1), 74-83 [10.1111/1460-6984.12186].
Zampini, L; Fasolo, M; Spinelli, M; Zanchi, P; Suttora, C; Salerni, N
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
VQR_2021_2.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Dimensione 272.34 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
272.34 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/101145
Citazioni
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
Social impact