Unilateral non-hemorrhagic adrenal infarction (NHAI) is a very uncommon cause of acute abdomen in pregnancy. Diagnosis is highly challenging due to its rarity, heterogeneity of clinical presentation, and inconclusiveness of the initial workup. Timely recognition is pivotal to ensuring optimal outcomes. Here we describe a case of spontaneous unilateral NHAI diagnosed in a singleton pregnant woman at 32 weeks’ gestation at our centre and provide the findings of an extensive literature review on the topic. We identified 22 articles describing 31 NHAI cases in 30 obstetric patients: NHAI occurs more frequently on the right side and in the third trimester, and diagnosis is formulated more than 24 h after clinical presentation in 50% of cases; second-level imaging is always necessary to reach a definitive diagnosis and start appropriate treatment. A high degree of clinical suspicion is needed to promptly recognize NHAI in pregnancy, thus allowing appropriate multidisciplinary management and timely treatment initiation. Promotion of knowledge and awareness of NHAI as a potential cause of acute abdomen in pregnancy is mandatory to improve clinical practice and, ultimately, perinatal outcomes.

Ornaghi, S., Fernicola, F., Marelli, E., Perotti, M., Di Gennaro, F., Cameroni, I., et al. (2023). Acute spontaneous non-hemorrhagic adrenal infarction in pregnancy: case-report and literature review. GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, 39(1) [10.1080/09513590.2023.2234492].

Acute spontaneous non-hemorrhagic adrenal infarction in pregnancy: case-report and literature review

Ornaghi S.
;
Fernicola F.;Perotti M.;Cameroni I.;Pincelli A. I.;Colciago E.;Vergani P.
2023

Abstract

Unilateral non-hemorrhagic adrenal infarction (NHAI) is a very uncommon cause of acute abdomen in pregnancy. Diagnosis is highly challenging due to its rarity, heterogeneity of clinical presentation, and inconclusiveness of the initial workup. Timely recognition is pivotal to ensuring optimal outcomes. Here we describe a case of spontaneous unilateral NHAI diagnosed in a singleton pregnant woman at 32 weeks’ gestation at our centre and provide the findings of an extensive literature review on the topic. We identified 22 articles describing 31 NHAI cases in 30 obstetric patients: NHAI occurs more frequently on the right side and in the third trimester, and diagnosis is formulated more than 24 h after clinical presentation in 50% of cases; second-level imaging is always necessary to reach a definitive diagnosis and start appropriate treatment. A high degree of clinical suspicion is needed to promptly recognize NHAI in pregnancy, thus allowing appropriate multidisciplinary management and timely treatment initiation. Promotion of knowledge and awareness of NHAI as a potential cause of acute abdomen in pregnancy is mandatory to improve clinical practice and, ultimately, perinatal outcomes.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
abdomen; acute; Adrenal; infarction; pain; pregnancy; thrombosis;
English
24-lug-2023
2023
39
1
2234492
none
Ornaghi, S., Fernicola, F., Marelli, E., Perotti, M., Di Gennaro, F., Cameroni, I., et al. (2023). Acute spontaneous non-hemorrhagic adrenal infarction in pregnancy: case-report and literature review. GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, 39(1) [10.1080/09513590.2023.2234492].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/455125
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