Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) are low-risk thyroid lesions most often characterised by RAS-type mutations. The histological diagnosis may be challenging, and even immunohistochemistry and molecular approaches have not yet provided conclusive solutions. This study characterises a set of NIFTPs by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation (MALDI)-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MSI) to highlight the proteomic signatures capable of overcoming histological challenges. Archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples from 10 NIFTPs (n = 6 RAS-mutated and n = 4 RAS-wild type) were trypsin-digested and analysed by MALDI-MSI, comparing their profiles to normal tissue and synchronous benign nodules. This allowed the definition of a four-peptide signature able to distinguish RAS-mutant from wild-type cases, the latter showing proteomic similarities to hyperplastic nodules. Moreover, among the differentially expressed signals, Peptidylprolyl Isomerase A (PPIA, 1505.8 m/z), which has already demonstrated a role in the development of cancer, was found overexpressed in NIFTP RAS-mutated nodules compared to wild-type lesions. These results underlined that high-throughput proteomic approaches may add a further level of biological comprehension for NIFTPs. In the future, thanks to the powerful single-cell detail achieved by new instruments, the complementary NGS-MALDI imaging sequence might be the correct methodological approach to confirm that the current NIFTP definition encompasses heterogeneous lesions that must be further characterised.

Piga, I., L'Imperio, V., Principi, L., Bellevicine, C., Fusco, N., Maffini, F., et al. (2023). Spatially Resolved Molecular Approaches for the Characterisation of Non-Invasive Follicular Tumours with Papillary-like Features (NIFTPs). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 24(3) [10.3390/ijms24032567].

Spatially Resolved Molecular Approaches for the Characterisation of Non-Invasive Follicular Tumours with Papillary-like Features (NIFTPs)

Piga, Isabella;L'Imperio, Vincenzo;Ivanova, Mariia;Seminati, Davide;Casati, Gabriele;Pagani, Lisa;Galimberti, Stefania;Capitoli, Giulia;Garancini, Mattia;Magni, Fulvio;Pagni, Fabio
2023

Abstract

Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasms with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) are low-risk thyroid lesions most often characterised by RAS-type mutations. The histological diagnosis may be challenging, and even immunohistochemistry and molecular approaches have not yet provided conclusive solutions. This study characterises a set of NIFTPs by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation (MALDI)-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MSI) to highlight the proteomic signatures capable of overcoming histological challenges. Archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples from 10 NIFTPs (n = 6 RAS-mutated and n = 4 RAS-wild type) were trypsin-digested and analysed by MALDI-MSI, comparing their profiles to normal tissue and synchronous benign nodules. This allowed the definition of a four-peptide signature able to distinguish RAS-mutant from wild-type cases, the latter showing proteomic similarities to hyperplastic nodules. Moreover, among the differentially expressed signals, Peptidylprolyl Isomerase A (PPIA, 1505.8 m/z), which has already demonstrated a role in the development of cancer, was found overexpressed in NIFTP RAS-mutated nodules compared to wild-type lesions. These results underlined that high-throughput proteomic approaches may add a further level of biological comprehension for NIFTPs. In the future, thanks to the powerful single-cell detail achieved by new instruments, the complementary NGS-MALDI imaging sequence might be the correct methodological approach to confirm that the current NIFTP definition encompasses heterogeneous lesions that must be further characterised.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
MALDI–MSI; NGS; NIFTP; proteomics; thyroid cancer;
English
29-gen-2023
2023
24
3
2567
none
Piga, I., L'Imperio, V., Principi, L., Bellevicine, C., Fusco, N., Maffini, F., et al. (2023). Spatially Resolved Molecular Approaches for the Characterisation of Non-Invasive Follicular Tumours with Papillary-like Features (NIFTPs). INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 24(3) [10.3390/ijms24032567].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/403661
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