Objective: The American College of Radiology (ACR) and the European Thyroid Association (EU) have proposed two scoring systems for thyroid nodule classification. Here, we compared the ability of the two systems in triaging thyroid nodules for fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and tested the putative role of an approach that combines ultrasound features and cytology for the detection of malignant nodules. Design and Methods: The scores obtained with the ACR and EU Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (TIRADS) from a prospective series of 480 thyroid nodules acquired from 435 subjects were compared to assess their performances in FNA triaging on the final cytological diagnosis. The US features that showed the highest contribution in discriminating benign nodules from malignancies were combined with cytology to improve its diagnostic performance. Results: FNA was recommended on 46.5% and 51.9% of the nodules using the ACR and EU-TIRADS scores, respectively. The ACR system demonstrated a higher specificity as compared to the EU-TIRADS (59.0% vs. 52.4%, p = 0.0012) in predicting >TIR3A/III (SIAPEC/Bethesda) nodules. Moreover, specific radiological features (i.e., echogenic foci and margins), combined with the cytological classes improved the specificity (97.5% vs. 91%, p < 0.0001) and positive predictive values (77.5% vs. 50.7%, p < 0.0001) compared to cytology alone, especially in the setting of indeterminate nodules (TIR3A/III and TIR3B/IV), maintaining an excellent sensitivity and negative predictive value. Conclusions: The ACR-TIRADS system showed a higher specificity compared to the EUTIRADS in triaging thyroid nodules. The use of specific radiological features improved the diagnostic ability of cytology.

Seminati, D., Capitoli, G., Leni, D., Fior, D., Vacirca, F., Di Bella, C., et al. (2021). Use of diagnostic criteria from acr and eu-tirads systems to improve the performance of cytology in thyroid nodule triage. CANCERS, 13(21) [10.3390/cancers13215439].

Use of diagnostic criteria from acr and eu-tirads systems to improve the performance of cytology in thyroid nodule triage

Seminati D.;Capitoli G.;Fior D.;Vacirca F.;Di Bella C.;Galimberti S.;L'imperio V.;Pagni F.
2021

Abstract

Objective: The American College of Radiology (ACR) and the European Thyroid Association (EU) have proposed two scoring systems for thyroid nodule classification. Here, we compared the ability of the two systems in triaging thyroid nodules for fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and tested the putative role of an approach that combines ultrasound features and cytology for the detection of malignant nodules. Design and Methods: The scores obtained with the ACR and EU Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (TIRADS) from a prospective series of 480 thyroid nodules acquired from 435 subjects were compared to assess their performances in FNA triaging on the final cytological diagnosis. The US features that showed the highest contribution in discriminating benign nodules from malignancies were combined with cytology to improve its diagnostic performance. Results: FNA was recommended on 46.5% and 51.9% of the nodules using the ACR and EU-TIRADS scores, respectively. The ACR system demonstrated a higher specificity as compared to the EU-TIRADS (59.0% vs. 52.4%, p = 0.0012) in predicting >TIR3A/III (SIAPEC/Bethesda) nodules. Moreover, specific radiological features (i.e., echogenic foci and margins), combined with the cytological classes improved the specificity (97.5% vs. 91%, p < 0.0001) and positive predictive values (77.5% vs. 50.7%, p < 0.0001) compared to cytology alone, especially in the setting of indeterminate nodules (TIR3A/III and TIR3B/IV), maintaining an excellent sensitivity and negative predictive value. Conclusions: The ACR-TIRADS system showed a higher specificity compared to the EUTIRADS in triaging thyroid nodules. The use of specific radiological features improved the diagnostic ability of cytology.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Fine-needle aspiration; Thyroid carcinoma; Thyroid nodule; Ultrasound imaging;
English
Seminati, D., Capitoli, G., Leni, D., Fior, D., Vacirca, F., Di Bella, C., et al. (2021). Use of diagnostic criteria from acr and eu-tirads systems to improve the performance of cytology in thyroid nodule triage. CANCERS, 13(21) [10.3390/cancers13215439].
Seminati, D; Capitoli, G; Leni, D; Fior, D; Vacirca, F; Di Bella, C; Galimberti, S; L'Imperio, V; Pagni, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/390293
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