We investigated the processing of agreement marking and case marking in the comprehension of German relative clauses in 48 seven-year-old monolingual German-speaking children in a picture selection task. We examined the relation between the effectiveness of these different morphological cues and individual memory resources as measured by a digit-span test. Relative clauses were disambiguated either by agreement marking on the embedded verb or by case marking on the embedded determiner phrase. The results show that subject-extracted relative clauses (subject RCs) are more easily comprehended than object-extracted relative clauses (object RCs) and that case disambiguation is more effective than agreement disambiguation. Moreover, we found a relation between individual phonological short-term memory and the effectiveness of the different disambiguating cues in the comprehension of object RCs but not in the comprehension of subject RCs. We found that: (i) children with a low-digit span score have difficulties in the comprehension of case and agreement disambiguated object RCs, (ii) children with a medium-digit span score have difficulties in the comprehension of agreement disambiguated object RCs but not difficulties with case disambiguated object RCs, and (iii) children with a larger digit span score have no difficulties in the comprehension of agreement and case disambiguated object RCs. We explain our results under the Diagnosis and Repair Model (Fodor & Inoue, 2000) by arguing that children by age 7 have adult-like competence and processing strategies for these structures and that observable differences depend on individual memory resources as measured by a digit span task.
Arosio, F., Yatsushiro, K., Forgiarini, M., & Guasti, M.T. (2012). Morphological Information and Memory Resources in Children's Processing of Relative Clauses in German. LANGUAGE LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT, 8(4), 340-364.
|Citazione:||Arosio, F., Yatsushiro, K., Forgiarini, M., & Guasti, M.T. (2012). Morphological Information and Memory Resources in Children's Processing of Relative Clauses in German. LANGUAGE LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT, 8(4), 340-364.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Morphological Information and Memory Resources in Children's Processing of Relative Clauses in German|
|Autori:||Arosio, F; Yatsushiro, K; Forgiarini, M; Guasti, MT|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Rivista:||LANGUAGE LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15475441.2011.634691|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|