Parameters of the post-disruption runaway electron (RE) beam in the low density background plasma achieved after secondary deuterium injection are investigated in DIII-D. The spatially resolved RE energy distribution function is measured for the first time during the RE plateau stage by inverting hard x-ray bremsstrahlung spectra. It has maximum energy up to 20 MeV and a non-monotonic feature at 5-6 MeV observed only in the core of the beam supporting the possibility of kinetic instabilities. Results of Fokker-Plank modelling qualitatively support the formation of the non-monotonic distribution function. The RE current profile is reconstructed for the first time using the spatially resolved RE energy distribution. It is found to be more peaked than the pre-disruption plasma current, with higher internal inductance, suggesting preferential formation of REs in the core plasma or potentially a radially inward motion of REs. The accessed relatively low current (180 kA) RE beam is found to be MHD stable, likely due to its elevated safety factor profile. From this base stable equilibrium, an internal beam instability is accessed by ramping up the current. The instability leads to a sawtooth-like relaxation of the RE current profile, but drives no RE loss. An internal kink mode proposed as a candidate instability is supported by results of MARS-F modelling. Electron cyclotron emission (ECE) spectrum measured during the low density RE plateau is found to be bifurcated, with a break point at ≈ 100 GHz, suggesting resonant absorption of the ECE at low frequencies.

Lvovskiy, A., Paz-Soldan, C., Eidietis, N., Aleynikov, P., Austin, M., Dal Molin, A., et al. (2020). Runaway electron beam dynamics at low plasma density in DIII-D: Energy distribution, current profile, and internal instability. NUCLEAR FUSION, 60(5) [10.1088/1741-4326/ab78c7].

Runaway electron beam dynamics at low plasma density in DIII-D: Energy distribution, current profile, and internal instability

Dal Molin A.;Nocente M.;Giacomelli L.;Rigamonti D.;Tardocchi M.
2020

Abstract

Parameters of the post-disruption runaway electron (RE) beam in the low density background plasma achieved after secondary deuterium injection are investigated in DIII-D. The spatially resolved RE energy distribution function is measured for the first time during the RE plateau stage by inverting hard x-ray bremsstrahlung spectra. It has maximum energy up to 20 MeV and a non-monotonic feature at 5-6 MeV observed only in the core of the beam supporting the possibility of kinetic instabilities. Results of Fokker-Plank modelling qualitatively support the formation of the non-monotonic distribution function. The RE current profile is reconstructed for the first time using the spatially resolved RE energy distribution. It is found to be more peaked than the pre-disruption plasma current, with higher internal inductance, suggesting preferential formation of REs in the core plasma or potentially a radially inward motion of REs. The accessed relatively low current (180 kA) RE beam is found to be MHD stable, likely due to its elevated safety factor profile. From this base stable equilibrium, an internal beam instability is accessed by ramping up the current. The instability leads to a sawtooth-like relaxation of the RE current profile, but drives no RE loss. An internal kink mode proposed as a candidate instability is supported by results of MARS-F modelling. Electron cyclotron emission (ECE) spectrum measured during the low density RE plateau is found to be bifurcated, with a break point at ≈ 100 GHz, suggesting resonant absorption of the ECE at low frequencies.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
current profile; electron cyclotron emission; energy distribution; MHD instabilities; runaway electrons; tokamak disruptions;
English
Lvovskiy, A., Paz-Soldan, C., Eidietis, N., Aleynikov, P., Austin, M., Dal Molin, A., et al. (2020). Runaway electron beam dynamics at low plasma density in DIII-D: Energy distribution, current profile, and internal instability. NUCLEAR FUSION, 60(5) [10.1088/1741-4326/ab78c7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/349379
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