Objective: To prospectively assess perfusion computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of tumor vascularity of early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis Methods: The study cohort included 30 patients who had Child-Pugh class A or B liver cirrhosis and a single histopathologically confirmed HCC not exceeding 3 cm in diameter. All patients underwent perfusion CT study using a multidetector 16-slice CT. Four perfusion parameters were measured for the HCCs and cirrhotic liver parenchyma: hepatic perfusion (HP), blood volume (BV), arterial perfusion (AP), and time to peak (TTP). Perfusion parameters were described with quartile (qt) values of their distribution; univariate paired Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for statistical analysis. Results: The values of perfusion parameters measured within tumor tissue were the following: HP (milliliters per 100 g per minute): median = 45.7 (first qt = 35.3; third qt = 61.3); BV (milliliters per 100 mg): median = 20.6 (first qt = 13.0; third qt = 27.6); AP (milliliters per minute): median = 44.2 (first qt = 36.7; third qt = 57.0); TTP (seconds): median = 18.7 (first q = 15.9; third qt = 24.0). Our data showed that HP, BV, and AP values were higher (P < 0.001), whereas TTP was lower (P < 0.001), in HCCs relative to the cirrhotic liver parenchyma. For all the CT perfusion parameters calculated, there was a significant difference between HCC and background cirrhotic liver. Conclusions: Preliminary results suggest that in patients with cirrhosis and early HCC, perfusion CT is a feasible technique for noninvasive assessment of tumor vascularity.

Ippolito, D., Sironi, S., Pozzi, M., Antolini, L., Ratti, L., Meloni, F., et al. (2008). Perfusion computed tomographic assessment of early hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver disease: initial observations. JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED TOMOGRAPHY, 32(6), 855-858 [10.1097/RCT.0b013e318161dc58].

Perfusion computed tomographic assessment of early hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver disease: initial observations

IPPOLITO, DAVIDE;SIRONI, SANDRO;ANTOLINI, LAURA;RATTI, LAURA;INVERNIZZI, FRANCESCA;VALSECCHI, MARIA GRAZIA;FAZIO, FERRUCCIO
2008

Abstract

Objective: To prospectively assess perfusion computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of tumor vascularity of early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis Methods: The study cohort included 30 patients who had Child-Pugh class A or B liver cirrhosis and a single histopathologically confirmed HCC not exceeding 3 cm in diameter. All patients underwent perfusion CT study using a multidetector 16-slice CT. Four perfusion parameters were measured for the HCCs and cirrhotic liver parenchyma: hepatic perfusion (HP), blood volume (BV), arterial perfusion (AP), and time to peak (TTP). Perfusion parameters were described with quartile (qt) values of their distribution; univariate paired Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for statistical analysis. Results: The values of perfusion parameters measured within tumor tissue were the following: HP (milliliters per 100 g per minute): median = 45.7 (first qt = 35.3; third qt = 61.3); BV (milliliters per 100 mg): median = 20.6 (first qt = 13.0; third qt = 27.6); AP (milliliters per minute): median = 44.2 (first qt = 36.7; third qt = 57.0); TTP (seconds): median = 18.7 (first q = 15.9; third qt = 24.0). Our data showed that HP, BV, and AP values were higher (P < 0.001), whereas TTP was lower (P < 0.001), in HCCs relative to the cirrhotic liver parenchyma. For all the CT perfusion parameters calculated, there was a significant difference between HCC and background cirrhotic liver. Conclusions: Preliminary results suggest that in patients with cirrhosis and early HCC, perfusion CT is a feasible technique for noninvasive assessment of tumor vascularity.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
CT perfusion; hepatocellular carcinoma; neoangiogenesis; functional CT
English
Ippolito, D., Sironi, S., Pozzi, M., Antolini, L., Ratti, L., Meloni, F., et al. (2008). Perfusion computed tomographic assessment of early hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver disease: initial observations. JOURNAL OF COMPUTER ASSISTED TOMOGRAPHY, 32(6), 855-858 [10.1097/RCT.0b013e318161dc58].
Ippolito, D; Sironi, S; Pozzi, M; Antolini, L; Ratti, L; Meloni, F; Invernizzi, F; Valsecchi, M; Fazio, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/8523
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