Illness perceptions can influence the coping strategies used in response to HIV-related stressors, and ultimately patients’ clinical status. With this work, we aimed to: (1) identify illness perception-related profiles of HIV-positive patients; (2) evaluate the association between the profiles, illness-related coping strategies, HIV-progression biomarkers (CD4+ cell counts and viral load) and antiretroviral therapy use. Data about illness perceptions, HIV-related coping strategies and HIV-progression biomarkers (CD4+ and viral load) were collected from 248 Italian HIV-positive patients. Three latent classes (“high,” “moderate” and “low” influence perception) that differed on consequences, emotional representation, personal control and identity were identified. A greater perception of illness influence was associated with dysfunctional coping strategies (e.g., passive coping and alcohol use), and greater viral load was observed among patients with high and moderate influence perception. In conclusion, patients with detectable or high viral load may show a greater perception of illness influence (i.e., consequences), which is associated with dysfunctional coping strategies in response to HIV-related stressors.
Norcini Pala, A., & Steca, P. (2015). Illness perceptions and coping strategies among individuals diagnosed with HIV. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 38(4), 620-631.
|Citazione:||Norcini Pala, A., & Steca, P. (2015). Illness perceptions and coping strategies among individuals diagnosed with HIV. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 38(4), 620-631.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Illness perceptions and coping strategies among individuals diagnosed with HIV|
|Autori:||Norcini Pala, A; Steca, P|
NORCINI PALA, ANDREA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10865-015-9639-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|