The Andaman Islands are part of the Andaman-Nicobar Ridge, an accretionary complex that forms part of the outer-arc ridge of the Sunda subduction zone. The Tertiary rocks exposed on the Andaman Islands preserve a record of the tectonic evolution of the surrounding region, including the evolution and closure of the Tethys Ocean. Some of the Paleogene sediments on Andaman may represent an offscraped part of the early Bengal Fan. Through field and petrographic observations, and use of a number of isotopic tracers, new age and provenance constraints are placed on the key Paleogene formations exposed on South Andaman. A paucity of biostratigraphic data poorly define sediment depositional ages. Constraints on timing of deposition obtained by dating detrital minerals for the Mithakhari Group indicate sedimentation after 60 Ma, possibly younger than 40 Ma. A better constraint is obtained for the Andaman Flysch Formation, which was deposited between 30 and 20 Ma, based on Ar-Ar ages of the youngest detrital muscovites at ca. 30 Ma and thermal history modeling of apatite fission-track and U-Th/He data. The latter record sediment burial and inversion (uplift) at ca. 20 Ma. In terms of sediment sources the Mithakhari Group shows a predominantly arc-derived composition, with a very subordinate contribution from the continental margin to the east of the arc. The Oligocene Andaman Flysch at Corbyn's Cove is dominated by recycled orogenic sources, but it also contains a subordinate arc-derived contribution. It is likely that the sources of the Andaman Flysch included rocks from Myanmar affected by India-Asia collision. Any contribution of material from the nascent Himalayas must have been minor. Nd isotope data discount any major input from cratonic Greater India sources.

Allen, R., Carter, A., Najman, Y., Bandopadhyay, P., Chapman, H., Bickle, M., et al. (2008). New constraints on the sedimentation and uplift history of the Andaman-Nicobar accretionary prism, South Andaman Island. In A.E. Draut, P.D. Clift, D.W. Scholl (a cura di), Formation and Applications of the Sedimentary Record in Arc Collision Zones (Geological Society of America Special Papers 2008, n. 436) (pp. 223-255). Geological Society of America [10.1130/2008.2436(11)].

New constraints on the sedimentation and uplift history of the Andaman-Nicobar accretionary prism, South Andaman Island

GARZANTI, EDUARDO;VEZZOLI, GIOVANNI;ANDO', SERGIO;
2008

Abstract

The Andaman Islands are part of the Andaman-Nicobar Ridge, an accretionary complex that forms part of the outer-arc ridge of the Sunda subduction zone. The Tertiary rocks exposed on the Andaman Islands preserve a record of the tectonic evolution of the surrounding region, including the evolution and closure of the Tethys Ocean. Some of the Paleogene sediments on Andaman may represent an offscraped part of the early Bengal Fan. Through field and petrographic observations, and use of a number of isotopic tracers, new age and provenance constraints are placed on the key Paleogene formations exposed on South Andaman. A paucity of biostratigraphic data poorly define sediment depositional ages. Constraints on timing of deposition obtained by dating detrital minerals for the Mithakhari Group indicate sedimentation after 60 Ma, possibly younger than 40 Ma. A better constraint is obtained for the Andaman Flysch Formation, which was deposited between 30 and 20 Ma, based on Ar-Ar ages of the youngest detrital muscovites at ca. 30 Ma and thermal history modeling of apatite fission-track and U-Th/He data. The latter record sediment burial and inversion (uplift) at ca. 20 Ma. In terms of sediment sources the Mithakhari Group shows a predominantly arc-derived composition, with a very subordinate contribution from the continental margin to the east of the arc. The Oligocene Andaman Flysch at Corbyn's Cove is dominated by recycled orogenic sources, but it also contains a subordinate arc-derived contribution. It is likely that the sources of the Andaman Flysch included rocks from Myanmar affected by India-Asia collision. Any contribution of material from the nascent Himalayas must have been minor. Nd isotope data discount any major input from cratonic Greater India sources.
Capitolo o saggio
Andaman, accretionary wedge, arc, subduction, thermochronology, provenance, uplift
English
Formation and Applications of the Sedimentary Record in Arc Collision Zones (Geological Society of America Special Papers 2008, n. 436)
978-0-8137-2436-2
Allen, R., Carter, A., Najman, Y., Bandopadhyay, P., Chapman, H., Bickle, M., et al. (2008). New constraints on the sedimentation and uplift history of the Andaman-Nicobar accretionary prism, South Andaman Island. In A.E. Draut, P.D. Clift, D.W. Scholl (a cura di), Formation and Applications of the Sedimentary Record in Arc Collision Zones (Geological Society of America Special Papers 2008, n. 436) (pp. 223-255). Geological Society of America [10.1130/2008.2436(11)].
Allen, R; Carter, A; Najman, Y; Bandopadhyay, P; Chapman, H; Bickle, M; Garzanti, E; Vezzoli, G; Ando', S; Foster, G; Gerring, C
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/7290
Citazioni
  • Scopus 49
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 52
Social impact