Although the ETV6-RUNX1 fusion is a frequent initiating event in childhood leukemia, its role in leukemogenesis is only partly understood. The main impact of the fusion itself is to generate and sustain a clone of clinically silent pre-leukemic B cell progenitors (BCP). Additional oncogenic hits, occurring even several years later, are required for overt disease. The understanding of the features and interactions of ETV6-RUNX1 positive cells during this "latency" period may explain how these silent cells can persist, and whether they could be prone to additional genetic changes. In this study, two in vitro murine models were employed to investigate whether ETV6-RUNX1 alters the cellular adhesion and migration properties of BCP. ETV6-RUNX1 expressing cells showed a significant defect in the chemotactic response to CXCL12, caused by a block in CXCR4 signaling, as demonstrated by inhibition of CXCL12-associated calcium flux and lack of ERK kinase phosphorylation. Moreover, the induction of ETV6-RUNX1 caused changes in the expression of cell-surface adhesion molecules. The expression of genes regulating the cytoskeleton was also affected, resulting in a block of CDC42 signaling. The abnormalities described here could alter the interaction of ETV6-RUNX1 pre-leukemic BCP with the microenvironment and contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease.

Palmi, C., Fazio, G., Savino, A., Procter, J., Howell, L., Cazzaniga, V., et al. (2014). Cytoskeletal Regulatory Gene Expression and Migratory Properties of B Cell Progenitors are Affected by the ETV6-RUNX1 Rearrangement. MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, 12(12), 1796-1806 [10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0056-T].

Cytoskeletal Regulatory Gene Expression and Migratory Properties of B Cell Progenitors are Affected by the ETV6-RUNX1 Rearrangement

PALMI, CHIARA;FAZIO, GRAZIA;SAVINO, ANGELA MARIA;CAZZANIGA, VALERIA;VILLA, ANTONELLO;BIONDI, ANDREA
;
CAZZANIGA, GIOVANNI ITALO
2014

Abstract

Although the ETV6-RUNX1 fusion is a frequent initiating event in childhood leukemia, its role in leukemogenesis is only partly understood. The main impact of the fusion itself is to generate and sustain a clone of clinically silent pre-leukemic B cell progenitors (BCP). Additional oncogenic hits, occurring even several years later, are required for overt disease. The understanding of the features and interactions of ETV6-RUNX1 positive cells during this "latency" period may explain how these silent cells can persist, and whether they could be prone to additional genetic changes. In this study, two in vitro murine models were employed to investigate whether ETV6-RUNX1 alters the cellular adhesion and migration properties of BCP. ETV6-RUNX1 expressing cells showed a significant defect in the chemotactic response to CXCL12, caused by a block in CXCR4 signaling, as demonstrated by inhibition of CXCL12-associated calcium flux and lack of ERK kinase phosphorylation. Moreover, the induction of ETV6-RUNX1 caused changes in the expression of cell-surface adhesion molecules. The expression of genes regulating the cytoskeleton was also affected, resulting in a block of CDC42 signaling. The abnormalities described here could alter the interaction of ETV6-RUNX1 pre-leukemic BCP with the microenvironment and contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Cytoskeletal Regulatory Gene Expression; B Cell;
English
Palmi, C., Fazio, G., Savino, A., Procter, J., Howell, L., Cazzaniga, V., et al. (2014). Cytoskeletal Regulatory Gene Expression and Migratory Properties of B Cell Progenitors are Affected by the ETV6-RUNX1 Rearrangement. MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, 12(12), 1796-1806 [10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0056-T].
Palmi, C; Fazio, G; Savino, A; Procter, J; Howell, L; Cazzaniga, V; Vieri, M; Longinotti, G; Brunati, I; Andre, V; Della Mina, P; Villa, A; Greaves, M; Biondi, A; D'Amico, G; Ford, A; Cazzaniga, G
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/53775
Citazioni
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
Social impact