Background: Among patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a distinct hemodynamic phenotype has been recently described, ie, latent pulmonary vascular disease (HFpEF-latentPVD), defined by exercise pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) >1.74 WU. Objectives: This study aims to explore the pathophysiological significance of HFpEF-latentPVD. Methods: The authors analyzed a cohort of patients who had undergone supine exercise right heart catheterization with cardiac output (CO) measured by direct Fick method, between 2016 and 2021. HFpEF-latentPVD patients were compared with HFpEF control patients. Results: Out of 86 HFpEF patients, 21% qualified as having HFpEF-latentPVD, 78% of whom had PVR >2 WU at rest. Patients with HFpEF-latentPVD were older, with a higher pretest probability of HFpEF, and more frequently experienced atrial fibrillation and at least moderate tricuspid regurgitation (P < 0.05). PVR trajectories differed between HFpEF-latentPVD patients and HFpEF control patients (Pinteraction = 0.008), slightly increasing in the former and reducing in the latter. HFpEF-latentPVD patients displayed more frequent hemodynamically significant tricuspid regurgitation during exercise (P = 0.002) and had more impaired CO and stroke volume reserve (P < 0.05). Exercise PVR was correlated with mixed venous O2 tension (R2 = 0.33) and stroke volume (R2 = 0.31) in HFpEF-latentPVD patients. The HFpEF-latentPVD patients had had higher dead space ventilation during exercise and higher PaCO2 (P < 0.05), which correlated with resting PVR (R2 = 0.21). Event-free survival was reduced in HFpEF-latentPVD patients (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The results suggest that when CO is measured by direct Fick, few HFpEF patients have isolated latent PVD (ie, normal PVR at rest, becoming abnormal during exercise). HFpEF-latentPVD patients present with CO limitation to exercise, associated with dynamic tricuspid regurgitation, altered ventilatory control, and pulmonary vascular hyperreactivity, portending a poor prognosis.

Caravita, S., Baratto, C., Filippo, A., Soranna, D., Dewachter, C., Zambon, A., et al. (2023). Shedding Light on Latent Pulmonary Vascular Disease in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction. JACC. HEART FAILURE, 11(10 (October 2023)), 1427-1438 [10.1016/j.jchf.2023.03.003].

Shedding Light on Latent Pulmonary Vascular Disease in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Caravita S.;Baratto C.
;
Filippo A.;Soranna D.;Zambon A.;Perego G. B.;Muraru D.;Senni M.;Badano L. P.;Parati G.;
2023

Abstract

Background: Among patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), a distinct hemodynamic phenotype has been recently described, ie, latent pulmonary vascular disease (HFpEF-latentPVD), defined by exercise pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) >1.74 WU. Objectives: This study aims to explore the pathophysiological significance of HFpEF-latentPVD. Methods: The authors analyzed a cohort of patients who had undergone supine exercise right heart catheterization with cardiac output (CO) measured by direct Fick method, between 2016 and 2021. HFpEF-latentPVD patients were compared with HFpEF control patients. Results: Out of 86 HFpEF patients, 21% qualified as having HFpEF-latentPVD, 78% of whom had PVR >2 WU at rest. Patients with HFpEF-latentPVD were older, with a higher pretest probability of HFpEF, and more frequently experienced atrial fibrillation and at least moderate tricuspid regurgitation (P < 0.05). PVR trajectories differed between HFpEF-latentPVD patients and HFpEF control patients (Pinteraction = 0.008), slightly increasing in the former and reducing in the latter. HFpEF-latentPVD patients displayed more frequent hemodynamically significant tricuspid regurgitation during exercise (P = 0.002) and had more impaired CO and stroke volume reserve (P < 0.05). Exercise PVR was correlated with mixed venous O2 tension (R2 = 0.33) and stroke volume (R2 = 0.31) in HFpEF-latentPVD patients. The HFpEF-latentPVD patients had had higher dead space ventilation during exercise and higher PaCO2 (P < 0.05), which correlated with resting PVR (R2 = 0.21). Event-free survival was reduced in HFpEF-latentPVD patients (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The results suggest that when CO is measured by direct Fick, few HFpEF patients have isolated latent PVD (ie, normal PVR at rest, becoming abnormal during exercise). HFpEF-latentPVD patients present with CO limitation to exercise, associated with dynamic tricuspid regurgitation, altered ventilatory control, and pulmonary vascular hyperreactivity, portending a poor prognosis.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
exercise; heart failure; pulmonary hypertension; right heart catheterization; tricuspid regurgitation;
English
26-apr-2023
2023
11
10 (October 2023)
1427
1438
none
Caravita, S., Baratto, C., Filippo, A., Soranna, D., Dewachter, C., Zambon, A., et al. (2023). Shedding Light on Latent Pulmonary Vascular Disease in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction. JACC. HEART FAILURE, 11(10 (October 2023)), 1427-1438 [10.1016/j.jchf.2023.03.003].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/449698
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