Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a necrotizing vasculitis, which typically affects small-to medium-sized blood vessels. It is characterized by the presence of tissue infiltrates rich in eosinophils, along with the formation of granulomatous lesions. About 40% of cases have positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA), with predominant perinuclear staining, and anti-myeloperoxidase (anti-MPO) specificity in about 65% of cases. Typical manifestations of EGPA include the late onset of asthma, nasal and sinus-related symptoms, peripheral neuropathy, and significant eosinophilia observed in the peripheral blood. In contrast to granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis, renal involvement in EGPA is less frequent (about 25%) and poorly studied. Necrotizing pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis is the most common renal presentation in patients with ANCA-positive EGPA. Although rarely, other forms of renal involvement may also be observed, such as eosinophilic interstitial nephritis, mesangial glomerulonephritis, membranous nephropathy, or focal sclerosis. A standardized treatment for EGPA with renal involvement has not been defined, however the survival and the renal outcomes are usually better than in the other ANCA-associated vasculitides. Nonetheless, kidney disease is an adverse prognostic factor for EGPA patients. Larger studies are required to better describe the renal involvement, in particular for patterns different from crescentic glomerulonephritis, and to favor the development of a consensual therapeutic approach. In this article, in addition to personal data, we will review recent findings on patient clinical phenotypes based on ANCA, genetics and the impact of biological drugs on disease management.

Reggiani, F., L’Imperio, V., Calatroni, M., Pagni, F., Sinico, R. (2023). Renal involvement in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, 10 [10.3389/fmed.2023.1244651].

Renal involvement in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis

L’Imperio V.;Pagni F.;Sinico R. A.
2023

Abstract

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a necrotizing vasculitis, which typically affects small-to medium-sized blood vessels. It is characterized by the presence of tissue infiltrates rich in eosinophils, along with the formation of granulomatous lesions. About 40% of cases have positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA), with predominant perinuclear staining, and anti-myeloperoxidase (anti-MPO) specificity in about 65% of cases. Typical manifestations of EGPA include the late onset of asthma, nasal and sinus-related symptoms, peripheral neuropathy, and significant eosinophilia observed in the peripheral blood. In contrast to granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis, renal involvement in EGPA is less frequent (about 25%) and poorly studied. Necrotizing pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis is the most common renal presentation in patients with ANCA-positive EGPA. Although rarely, other forms of renal involvement may also be observed, such as eosinophilic interstitial nephritis, mesangial glomerulonephritis, membranous nephropathy, or focal sclerosis. A standardized treatment for EGPA with renal involvement has not been defined, however the survival and the renal outcomes are usually better than in the other ANCA-associated vasculitides. Nonetheless, kidney disease is an adverse prognostic factor for EGPA patients. Larger studies are required to better describe the renal involvement, in particular for patterns different from crescentic glomerulonephritis, and to favor the development of a consensual therapeutic approach. In this article, in addition to personal data, we will review recent findings on patient clinical phenotypes based on ANCA, genetics and the impact of biological drugs on disease management.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
ANCA antibodies; EGPA; glucocorticoids; immunosuppressive therapies; interstitial infiltration; necrotizing vasculitis; rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis;
English
2023
10
1244651
none
Reggiani, F., L’Imperio, V., Calatroni, M., Pagni, F., Sinico, R. (2023). Renal involvement in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, 10 [10.3389/fmed.2023.1244651].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/448358
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