A flexible model for evaluating soft query with unequal preferences in fuzzy databases is proposed. We assume that conditions with unequal preferences have an exclusive meaning like in the request "find a holiday accommodation such that big apartments are preferred to high rating hotels." In this case it is assumed that the aggregator of the soft conditions is an implicit OR. Conversely, conditions with unequal importance have an inclusive meaning, like in the query "find a house to rent that is cheap (most important), big (important), new (fairly important)." In this case the implicit aggregator is an AND. What we propose in this article is to model preferences as modifiers of the semantics of the evaluation function of the conditions. Because the soft conditions are aggregated by an OR, the more a soft condition is preferred, the more its evaluation function tolerates a greater undersatisfaction of the soft condition. The proposed approach is formalized by considering two alternative semantics of the evaluation function: the first semantics defines the evaluation function by means of a generalized fuzzy inclusion measure, and the second one as a generalized similarity measure. These functions are parameterized so that their modification is simply achieved by tuning the functions' parameters. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Bordogna, G., Pasi, G. (2007). A Flexible Approach to evaluating Soft Conditions with Unequal Preferences in Fuzzy Databases. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS, 22(7), 665-689 [10.1002/int.20223].

A Flexible Approach to evaluating Soft Conditions with Unequal Preferences in Fuzzy Databases

PASI, GABRIELLA
2007

Abstract

A flexible model for evaluating soft query with unequal preferences in fuzzy databases is proposed. We assume that conditions with unequal preferences have an exclusive meaning like in the request "find a holiday accommodation such that big apartments are preferred to high rating hotels." In this case it is assumed that the aggregator of the soft conditions is an implicit OR. Conversely, conditions with unequal importance have an inclusive meaning, like in the query "find a house to rent that is cheap (most important), big (important), new (fairly important)." In this case the implicit aggregator is an AND. What we propose in this article is to model preferences as modifiers of the semantics of the evaluation function of the conditions. Because the soft conditions are aggregated by an OR, the more a soft condition is preferred, the more its evaluation function tolerates a greater undersatisfaction of the soft condition. The proposed approach is formalized by considering two alternative semantics of the evaluation function: the first semantics defines the evaluation function by means of a generalized fuzzy inclusion measure, and the second one as a generalized similarity measure. These functions are parameterized so that their modification is simply achieved by tuning the functions' parameters. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Data Base Management Systems; Fuzzy Set Theory
English
665
689
Bordogna, G., Pasi, G. (2007). A Flexible Approach to evaluating Soft Conditions with Unequal Preferences in Fuzzy Databases. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS, 22(7), 665-689 [10.1002/int.20223].
Bordogna, G; Pasi, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/4421
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