Background: Both secondary tricuspid regurgitation (STR) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are relevant public health problems in the elderly population, presenting with potential overlaps and sharing similar risk factors. However, the impact of severe STR on hemodynamics and cardiorespiratory adaptation to exercise in HFpEF remains to be clarified. Aim: To explore the impact of STR on exercise hemodynamics and cardiorespiratory adaptation in HFpEF. Methods: We analyzed invasive hemodynamics and gas-exchange data obtained at rest and during exercise from HFpEF patients with severe STR (HFpEF-STR), compared with 1:1 age-, sex-, and body mass index (BMI)- matched HFpEF patients with mild or no STR (HFpEF-controls). Results: Twelve HFpEF with atrial-STR (mean age 72 years, 92% females, BMI 28 Kg/m2) and 12 HFpEF-controls patients were analyzed. HFpEF-STR had higher (p < 0.01) right atrial pressure than HFpEF-controls both at rest (10 ± 1 vs. 5 ± 1 mmHg) and during exercise (23 ± 2 vs. 14 ± 2 mmHg). Despite higher pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) at rest in HFpEF-STR than in HFpEF-controls (17 ± 2 vs. 11 ± 2, p = 0.04), PAWP at peak exercise was no more different (28 ± 2 vs. 29 ± 2). Left ventricular transmural pressure and cardiac output (CO) increased less in HFpEF-STR than in HFpEF-controls (interaction p-value < 0.05). This latter was due to lower stroke volume (SV) values both at rest (48 ± 9 vs. 77 ± 9 mL, p < 0.05) and at peak exercise (54 ± 10 vs. 93 ± 10 mL, p < 0.05). Despite these differences, the two groups of patients laid on the same oxygen consumption isophlets because of the increased peripheral oxygen extraction in HFpEF-STR (p < 0.01). We found an inverse relationship between pulmonary vascular resistance and SV, both at rest and at peak exercise (R2 = 0.12 and 0.19, respectively). Conclusions: Severe STR complicating HFpEF impairs SV and CO reserve, leading to pulmonary vascular de-recruitment and relative left heart underfilling, undermining the typical HFpEF pathophysiology.

Baratto, C., Caravita, S., Corbetta, G., Soranna, D., Zambon, A., Dewachter, C., et al. (2023). Impact of severe secondary tricuspid regurgitation on rest and exercise hemodynamics of patients with heart failure and a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, 10 [10.3389/fcvm.2023.1061118].

Impact of severe secondary tricuspid regurgitation on rest and exercise hemodynamics of patients with heart failure and a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction

Baratto C.;Caravita S.
;
Soranna D.;Zambon A.;Gavazzoni M.;Heilbron F.;Tomaselli M.;Radu N.;Perelli F. P.;Perego G. B.;Parati G.;Badano L.;Muraru D.
2023

Abstract

Background: Both secondary tricuspid regurgitation (STR) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are relevant public health problems in the elderly population, presenting with potential overlaps and sharing similar risk factors. However, the impact of severe STR on hemodynamics and cardiorespiratory adaptation to exercise in HFpEF remains to be clarified. Aim: To explore the impact of STR on exercise hemodynamics and cardiorespiratory adaptation in HFpEF. Methods: We analyzed invasive hemodynamics and gas-exchange data obtained at rest and during exercise from HFpEF patients with severe STR (HFpEF-STR), compared with 1:1 age-, sex-, and body mass index (BMI)- matched HFpEF patients with mild or no STR (HFpEF-controls). Results: Twelve HFpEF with atrial-STR (mean age 72 years, 92% females, BMI 28 Kg/m2) and 12 HFpEF-controls patients were analyzed. HFpEF-STR had higher (p < 0.01) right atrial pressure than HFpEF-controls both at rest (10 ± 1 vs. 5 ± 1 mmHg) and during exercise (23 ± 2 vs. 14 ± 2 mmHg). Despite higher pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) at rest in HFpEF-STR than in HFpEF-controls (17 ± 2 vs. 11 ± 2, p = 0.04), PAWP at peak exercise was no more different (28 ± 2 vs. 29 ± 2). Left ventricular transmural pressure and cardiac output (CO) increased less in HFpEF-STR than in HFpEF-controls (interaction p-value < 0.05). This latter was due to lower stroke volume (SV) values both at rest (48 ± 9 vs. 77 ± 9 mL, p < 0.05) and at peak exercise (54 ± 10 vs. 93 ± 10 mL, p < 0.05). Despite these differences, the two groups of patients laid on the same oxygen consumption isophlets because of the increased peripheral oxygen extraction in HFpEF-STR (p < 0.01). We found an inverse relationship between pulmonary vascular resistance and SV, both at rest and at peak exercise (R2 = 0.12 and 0.19, respectively). Conclusions: Severe STR complicating HFpEF impairs SV and CO reserve, leading to pulmonary vascular de-recruitment and relative left heart underfilling, undermining the typical HFpEF pathophysiology.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
exercise; heart failure with preserved ejection faction; hemodynamics; oxygen consumption; right heart catheterization; tricuspid regurgitation;
English
1-mar-2023
2023
10
1061118
none
Baratto, C., Caravita, S., Corbetta, G., Soranna, D., Zambon, A., Dewachter, C., et al. (2023). Impact of severe secondary tricuspid regurgitation on rest and exercise hemodynamics of patients with heart failure and a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, 10 [10.3389/fcvm.2023.1061118].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/412858
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