Excess weight and high waist circumference (WC) are associated with increased blood pressure (BP), starting from the pediatric age. Insulin resistance is associated with elevated BP in childhood. The aim of the study was to assess the role of insulin resistance in mediating the relationship between body mass index (BMI), WC, and BP values in a pediatric population referred to a cardio-pediatric center for the presence of one or more cardiovascular risk factors. In 419 children (mean age 10.7 [standard deviation, SD 2.5] years), the following parameters were collected both in basal conditions and after 18.6 (SD 9.3) months of follow-up during which a treatment based on lifestyle and dietary modifications was given: systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP), WC, plasma glucose, and insulin values. The HOMA (Homeostasis Model Assessment)-index was considered as an expression of insulin resistance. At baseline there was a significant correlation between HOMA-index and SBP z-score (β = 0.081, p = 0.003), and insulin resistance was a mediator of the relationship between BMI and SBP z-score (p = 0.015), and between waist circumference to height (WtHr) and SBP z-score (p = 0.008). The effect of BMI z-score modifications on SBP z-score changes from baseline to follow-up was totally mediated by HOMA-index changes (p = 0.008), while HOMA-index only partially mediated the effect of WtHr modifications on SBP z-score changes (p = 0.060). Our study strongly suggests that, in a pediatric population at cardiovascular risk, the HOMA-index is an important mediator of the relationship between BMI, WC and SBP.

Genovesi, S., Montelisciani, L., Giussani, M., Lieti, G., Patti, I., Orlando, A., et al. (2023). Role of Insulin Resistance as a Mediator of the Relationship between Body Weight, Waist Circumference, and Systolic Blood Pressure in a Pediatric Population. METABOLITES, 13(3) [10.3390/metabo13030327].

Role of Insulin Resistance as a Mediator of the Relationship between Body Weight, Waist Circumference, and Systolic Blood Pressure in a Pediatric Population

Genovesi, Simonetta
;
Montelisciani, Laura;Giussani, Marco;Lieti, Giulia;Patti, Ilenia;Orlando, Antonina;Antolini, Laura;Parati, Gianfranco
2023

Abstract

Excess weight and high waist circumference (WC) are associated with increased blood pressure (BP), starting from the pediatric age. Insulin resistance is associated with elevated BP in childhood. The aim of the study was to assess the role of insulin resistance in mediating the relationship between body mass index (BMI), WC, and BP values in a pediatric population referred to a cardio-pediatric center for the presence of one or more cardiovascular risk factors. In 419 children (mean age 10.7 [standard deviation, SD 2.5] years), the following parameters were collected both in basal conditions and after 18.6 (SD 9.3) months of follow-up during which a treatment based on lifestyle and dietary modifications was given: systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP), WC, plasma glucose, and insulin values. The HOMA (Homeostasis Model Assessment)-index was considered as an expression of insulin resistance. At baseline there was a significant correlation between HOMA-index and SBP z-score (β = 0.081, p = 0.003), and insulin resistance was a mediator of the relationship between BMI and SBP z-score (p = 0.015), and between waist circumference to height (WtHr) and SBP z-score (p = 0.008). The effect of BMI z-score modifications on SBP z-score changes from baseline to follow-up was totally mediated by HOMA-index changes (p = 0.008), while HOMA-index only partially mediated the effect of WtHr modifications on SBP z-score changes (p = 0.060). Our study strongly suggests that, in a pediatric population at cardiovascular risk, the HOMA-index is an important mediator of the relationship between BMI, WC and SBP.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
BMI; children; HOMA-index; hypertension; mediation analysis; systolic blood pressure; waist circumference;
English
23-feb-2023
2023
13
3
327
open
Genovesi, S., Montelisciani, L., Giussani, M., Lieti, G., Patti, I., Orlando, A., et al. (2023). Role of Insulin Resistance as a Mediator of the Relationship between Body Weight, Waist Circumference, and Systolic Blood Pressure in a Pediatric Population. METABOLITES, 13(3) [10.3390/metabo13030327].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/409117
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