SiO2 is the main component of silicate melts and thus controls their network structure and physical properties. The compressibility and viscosities of melts at depth are governed by their short range atomic and electronic structure. We measured the O K-edge and the Si L2,3-edge in silica up to 110 GPa using X-ray Raman scattering spectroscopy, and found a striking match to calculated spectra based on structures from molecular dynamic simulations. Between 20 and 27 GPa, [4]Si species are converted into a mixture of [5]Si and [6]Si species and between 60 and 70 GPa, [6]Si becomes dominant at the expense of [5]Si with no further increase up to at least 110 GPa. Coordination higher than 6 is only reached beyond 140 GPa, corroborating results from Brillouin scattering. Network modifying elements in silicate melts may shift this change in coordination to lower pressures and thus magmas could be denser than residual solids at the depth of the core-mantle boundary.

Petitgirard, S., Sahle, C., Weis, C., Gilmore, K., Spiekermann, G., Tse, J., et al. (2019). Magma properties at deep Earth’s conditions from electronic structure of silica. GEOCHEMICAL PERSPECTIVES LETTERS, 9, 32-37 [10.7185/geochemlet.1902].

Magma properties at deep Earth’s conditions from electronic structure of silica

V. Cerantola;
2019

Abstract

SiO2 is the main component of silicate melts and thus controls their network structure and physical properties. The compressibility and viscosities of melts at depth are governed by their short range atomic and electronic structure. We measured the O K-edge and the Si L2,3-edge in silica up to 110 GPa using X-ray Raman scattering spectroscopy, and found a striking match to calculated spectra based on structures from molecular dynamic simulations. Between 20 and 27 GPa, [4]Si species are converted into a mixture of [5]Si and [6]Si species and between 60 and 70 GPa, [6]Si becomes dominant at the expense of [5]Si with no further increase up to at least 110 GPa. Coordination higher than 6 is only reached beyond 140 GPa, corroborating results from Brillouin scattering. Network modifying elements in silicate melts may shift this change in coordination to lower pressures and thus magmas could be denser than residual solids at the depth of the core-mantle boundary.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
glass, melts, silicate, structural transition, high pressure, high temperature, MD simulations, XRS
English
6-feb-2019
2019
9
32
37
none
Petitgirard, S., Sahle, C., Weis, C., Gilmore, K., Spiekermann, G., Tse, J., et al. (2019). Magma properties at deep Earth’s conditions from electronic structure of silica. GEOCHEMICAL PERSPECTIVES LETTERS, 9, 32-37 [10.7185/geochemlet.1902].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/408401
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