The incidence of myeloid neoplasms following treatment with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) in patients with ovarian cancer has been gradually increasing over the last few years. The cumulative exposure to PARPi and the improved overall survival of patients with ovarian cancer may represent key underlying explanations behind such trend. Fortunately, the earlier introduction of PARPi in the frontline setting reduces the risk of developing secondary myeloid neoplasms. The etiopathogenesis is still unclear but is likely to be multifactorial. The first 2 years of PARPi exposure seem to be the critical window for the onset of myeloid neoplasms post PARPi, with persistent cytopenia recognized as an early warning sign. Despite intensive treatment strategies, the outcome remains poor. There is an unmet clinical need to learn how to minimize risk, make an early diagnosis, and manage myeloid neoplasms post PARPi. First, decision making regarding the optimal maintenance treatment should avoid a € PARPi-for-all' strategy. PARPi should be used cautiously in cases of high baseline risk for myeloid neoplasms and/or patients who are less likely to have a benefit. Active surveillance, accurate differential diagnosis, and prompt hematological referral are key management pillars. This review discusses what is known on this emerging issue as well as unresolved questions.

Caruso, G., Gigli, F., Parma, G., Lapresa, M., Derio, S., Palaia, I., et al. (2023). Myeloid neoplasms post PARP inhibitors for ovarian cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER, 33(4), 598-606 [10.1136/ijgc-2022-004190].

Myeloid neoplasms post PARP inhibitors for ovarian cancer

Colombo, Nicoletta
Primo
2023

Abstract

The incidence of myeloid neoplasms following treatment with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) in patients with ovarian cancer has been gradually increasing over the last few years. The cumulative exposure to PARPi and the improved overall survival of patients with ovarian cancer may represent key underlying explanations behind such trend. Fortunately, the earlier introduction of PARPi in the frontline setting reduces the risk of developing secondary myeloid neoplasms. The etiopathogenesis is still unclear but is likely to be multifactorial. The first 2 years of PARPi exposure seem to be the critical window for the onset of myeloid neoplasms post PARPi, with persistent cytopenia recognized as an early warning sign. Despite intensive treatment strategies, the outcome remains poor. There is an unmet clinical need to learn how to minimize risk, make an early diagnosis, and manage myeloid neoplasms post PARPi. First, decision making regarding the optimal maintenance treatment should avoid a € PARPi-for-all' strategy. PARPi should be used cautiously in cases of high baseline risk for myeloid neoplasms and/or patients who are less likely to have a benefit. Active surveillance, accurate differential diagnosis, and prompt hematological referral are key management pillars. This review discusses what is known on this emerging issue as well as unresolved questions.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Medical Oncology; Ovarian Cancer;
English
27-gen-2023
2023
33
4
598
606
none
Caruso, G., Gigli, F., Parma, G., Lapresa, M., Derio, S., Palaia, I., et al. (2023). Myeloid neoplasms post PARP inhibitors for ovarian cancer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL CANCER, 33(4), 598-606 [10.1136/ijgc-2022-004190].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/403216
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