Thanks to the ultrahigh flexibility of 2D materials and to their extreme sensitivity to applied strain, there is currently a strong interest in studying and understanding how their electronic properties can be modulated by applying a uniform or nonuniform strain. In this work, using density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we discuss how uniform biaxial strain affects the electronic properties, such as ionization potential, electron affinity, electronic gap, and work function, of different classes of 2D materials from X-enes to nitrides and transition metal dichalcogenides. The analysis of the states in terms of atomic orbitals allows to explain the observed trends and to highlight similarities and differences among the various materials. Moreover, the role of many-body effects on the predicted electronic properties is discussed in one of the studied systems. We show that the trends with strain, calculated at the GW level of approximation, are qualitatively similar to the DFT ones solely when there is no change in the character of the valence and conduction states near the gap.

Postorino, S., Grassano, D., D'Alessandro, M., Pianetti, A., Pulci, O., Palummo, M. (2020). Strain-induced effects on the electronic properties of 2D materials. NANOMATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 10 [10.1177/1847980420902569].

Strain-induced effects on the electronic properties of 2D materials

Pianetti A.;
2020

Abstract

Thanks to the ultrahigh flexibility of 2D materials and to their extreme sensitivity to applied strain, there is currently a strong interest in studying and understanding how their electronic properties can be modulated by applying a uniform or nonuniform strain. In this work, using density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we discuss how uniform biaxial strain affects the electronic properties, such as ionization potential, electron affinity, electronic gap, and work function, of different classes of 2D materials from X-enes to nitrides and transition metal dichalcogenides. The analysis of the states in terms of atomic orbitals allows to explain the observed trends and to highlight similarities and differences among the various materials. Moreover, the role of many-body effects on the predicted electronic properties is discussed in one of the studied systems. We show that the trends with strain, calculated at the GW level of approximation, are qualitatively similar to the DFT ones solely when there is no change in the character of the valence and conduction states near the gap.
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English
2020
10
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Postorino, S., Grassano, D., D'Alessandro, M., Pianetti, A., Pulci, O., Palummo, M. (2020). Strain-induced effects on the electronic properties of 2D materials. NANOMATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 10 [10.1177/1847980420902569].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/401737
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