Several vineyard techniques have been proposed to delay grape maturity in light of the advanced maturation driven by increasingly frequent water and heat stress events that are detrimental to grape quality. These studies differ in terms of their experimental conditions, and in the present work we have attempted to summarize previous observations in a quantitative, data-driven systematic review. A meta-analysis of quantitative data gathered across 43 relevant studies revealed the overall significance of the proposed treatments and evaluated the impact of different experimental conditions on the outcome of antitranspirants, delayed pruning and late source limitation. Antitranspirants were most effective when applied twice and closer to veraison, while di-1-p-menthene increased the ripening delay by about 1 °Brix compared to kaolin. Larger ripening delays were achieved with delayed pruning of low-yielding vines or by pruning at later stages of apical bud development. Late defoliation or shoot trimming delayed ripening in high-yielding vines and represent suitable solutions for late-harvested varieties, but became ineffective where the treatment decreased yield. This quantitative meta-analysis of 242 primary observations uncovers factors affecting the efficacy of vineyard practices to delay ripening, which should be carefully considered by grape growers attempting to achieve this outcome.

Previtali, P., Giorgini, F., Mullen, R., Dookozlian, N., Wilkinson, K., Ford, C. (2022). A systematic review and meta-analysis of vineyard techniques used to delay ripening. HORTICULTURE RESEARCH, 9, 1-18 [10.1093/hr/uhac118].

A systematic review and meta-analysis of vineyard techniques used to delay ripening

Giorgini, F;
2022

Abstract

Several vineyard techniques have been proposed to delay grape maturity in light of the advanced maturation driven by increasingly frequent water and heat stress events that are detrimental to grape quality. These studies differ in terms of their experimental conditions, and in the present work we have attempted to summarize previous observations in a quantitative, data-driven systematic review. A meta-analysis of quantitative data gathered across 43 relevant studies revealed the overall significance of the proposed treatments and evaluated the impact of different experimental conditions on the outcome of antitranspirants, delayed pruning and late source limitation. Antitranspirants were most effective when applied twice and closer to veraison, while di-1-p-menthene increased the ripening delay by about 1 °Brix compared to kaolin. Larger ripening delays were achieved with delayed pruning of low-yielding vines or by pruning at later stages of apical bud development. Late defoliation or shoot trimming delayed ripening in high-yielding vines and represent suitable solutions for late-harvested varieties, but became ineffective where the treatment decreased yield. This quantitative meta-analysis of 242 primary observations uncovers factors affecting the efficacy of vineyard practices to delay ripening, which should be carefully considered by grape growers attempting to achieve this outcome.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
berry quality, delayed ripening, meta analysis, systematic review, vineyard management
English
17-mag-2022
2022
9
1
18
uhac118
open
Previtali, P., Giorgini, F., Mullen, R., Dookozlian, N., Wilkinson, K., Ford, C. (2022). A systematic review and meta-analysis of vineyard techniques used to delay ripening. HORTICULTURE RESEARCH, 9, 1-18 [10.1093/hr/uhac118].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/401668
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