Deformation-assisted segregation of metallic and sulphidic liquid from a solid peridotitic matrix is a process that may contribute to the early differentiation of small planetesimals into a metallic core and a silicate mantle. Here we present results of an experimental study using a simplified system consisting of a polycrystalline Fo90-olivine matrix containing a small percentage of iron sulphide and a synthetic primitive MORB melt, in order to investigate whether the silicate melt enhances the interconnection and segregation of FeS liquid under deformation conditions at varying strain rates. The experiments have been performed at 2 GPa, 1450°C and strain rates between 1×10-3 s-1 to 1×10-5 s-1. Our results show that the presence of silicate melt actually hinders the migration and segregation of sulphide liquid by reducing its interconnectivity. At low to moderate strain rates the sulphide liquid pockets preserved a roundish shape, showing the liquid behavior is governed mainly by surface tension rather than by differential stress. Even at the highest strain rates, insignificant FeS segregation and interconnection were observed. On the other hand the basaltic melt was very mobile during deformation, accommodating part of the strain, which led to its segregation from the matrix at high bulk strains leaving the sulphide liquid stranded in the olivine matrix. Hence, we conclude that deformation-induced percolation of sulphide liquid does not contribute to the formation of planetary cores after the silicate solidus is overstepped. A possible early deformation enhanced core-mantle differentiation after overstepping the Fe-S solidus is not possible between the initial formation of silicate melt and the formation of a widespread magma ocean.

Cerantola, V., Walte, N., Rubie, D. (2015). Deformation of a crystalline olivine aggregate containing two immiscible liquids: Implications for early core-mantle differentiation. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 417, 67-77 [10.1016/j.epsl.2015.02.014].

Deformation of a crystalline olivine aggregate containing two immiscible liquids: Implications for early core-mantle differentiation

Cerantola V
Primo
;
2015

Abstract

Deformation-assisted segregation of metallic and sulphidic liquid from a solid peridotitic matrix is a process that may contribute to the early differentiation of small planetesimals into a metallic core and a silicate mantle. Here we present results of an experimental study using a simplified system consisting of a polycrystalline Fo90-olivine matrix containing a small percentage of iron sulphide and a synthetic primitive MORB melt, in order to investigate whether the silicate melt enhances the interconnection and segregation of FeS liquid under deformation conditions at varying strain rates. The experiments have been performed at 2 GPa, 1450°C and strain rates between 1×10-3 s-1 to 1×10-5 s-1. Our results show that the presence of silicate melt actually hinders the migration and segregation of sulphide liquid by reducing its interconnectivity. At low to moderate strain rates the sulphide liquid pockets preserved a roundish shape, showing the liquid behavior is governed mainly by surface tension rather than by differential stress. Even at the highest strain rates, insignificant FeS segregation and interconnection were observed. On the other hand the basaltic melt was very mobile during deformation, accommodating part of the strain, which led to its segregation from the matrix at high bulk strains leaving the sulphide liquid stranded in the olivine matrix. Hence, we conclude that deformation-induced percolation of sulphide liquid does not contribute to the formation of planetary cores after the silicate solidus is overstepped. A possible early deformation enhanced core-mantle differentiation after overstepping the Fe-S solidus is not possible between the initial formation of silicate melt and the formation of a widespread magma ocean.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Core-mantle differentiation; Deformation experiments; Melt segregation; Multianvil; Olivine;
English
67
77
11
Cerantola, V., Walte, N., Rubie, D. (2015). Deformation of a crystalline olivine aggregate containing two immiscible liquids: Implications for early core-mantle differentiation. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 417, 67-77 [10.1016/j.epsl.2015.02.014].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/397796
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