Synchrotrons and free electron lasers are unique facilities to probe the atomic structure and electronic properties of matter at extreme thermodynamical conditions. In this context, 'matter at extreme pressures and temperatures' was one of the science drivers for the construction of low emittance 4th generation synchrotron sources such as the Extremely Brilliant Source of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility and hard x-ray free electron lasers, such as the European x-ray free electron laser. These new user facilities combine static high pressure and dynamic shock compression experiments to outstanding high brilliance and submicron beams. This combination not only increases the data-quality but also enlarges tremendously the accessible pressure, temperature and density space. At the same time, the large spectrum of available complementary x-ray diagnostics for static and shock compression studies opens unprecedented insights into the state of matter at extremes. The article aims at highlighting a new horizon of scientific opportunities based on the synergy between extremely brilliant synchrotrons and hard x-ray free electron lasers.

Cerantola, V., Rosa, A., Konôpková, Z., Torchio, R., Brambrink, E., Rack, A., et al. (2021). New frontiers in extreme conditions science at synchrotrons and free electron lasers. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER, 33(27) [10.1088/1361-648X/abfd50].

New frontiers in extreme conditions science at synchrotrons and free electron lasers

Cerantola, Valerio
Primo
;
2021

Abstract

Synchrotrons and free electron lasers are unique facilities to probe the atomic structure and electronic properties of matter at extreme thermodynamical conditions. In this context, 'matter at extreme pressures and temperatures' was one of the science drivers for the construction of low emittance 4th generation synchrotron sources such as the Extremely Brilliant Source of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility and hard x-ray free electron lasers, such as the European x-ray free electron laser. These new user facilities combine static high pressure and dynamic shock compression experiments to outstanding high brilliance and submicron beams. This combination not only increases the data-quality but also enlarges tremendously the accessible pressure, temperature and density space. At the same time, the large spectrum of available complementary x-ray diagnostics for static and shock compression studies opens unprecedented insights into the state of matter at extremes. The article aims at highlighting a new horizon of scientific opportunities based on the synergy between extremely brilliant synchrotrons and hard x-ray free electron lasers.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
diamond anvil cell; extreme conditions; free electron laser; laser heating; shock dynamic compression; synchrotron; x-ray heating;
English
2021
33
27
274003
none
Cerantola, V., Rosa, A., Konôpková, Z., Torchio, R., Brambrink, E., Rack, A., et al. (2021). New frontiers in extreme conditions science at synchrotrons and free electron lasers. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER, 33(27) [10.1088/1361-648X/abfd50].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/397673
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