The Fe–Mg exchange coefficient between olivine (ol) and melt (m), defined as KdFeT-Mg = (Feol/Fem)·(Mgm/Mgol), with all FeT expressed as Fe2+, is one of the most widely used parameters in petrology. We explore the effect of redox conditions on KdFeT-Mg using experimental, olivine-saturated basaltic glasses with variable H2O (≤ 7 wt%) over a wide range of fO2 (iron-wüstite buffer to air), pressure (≤ 1.7 GPa), temperature (1025–1425 °C) and melt composition. The ratio of Fe3+ to total Fe (Fe3+/∑Fe), as determined by Fe K-edge µXANES and/or Synchrotron Mössbauer Source (SMS) spectroscopy, lies in the range 0–0.84. Measured Fe3+/∑Fe is consistent (± 0.05) with published algorithms and appears insensitive to dissolved H2O. Combining our new data with published experimental data having measured glass Fe3+/∑Fe, we show that for Fo65–98 olivine in equilibrium with basaltic and basaltic andesite melts, KdFeT-Mg decreases linearly with Fe3+/∑Fe with a slope and intercept of 0.3135 ± 0.0011. After accounting for non-ideal mixing of forsterite and fayalite in olivine, using a symmetrical regular solution model, the slope and intercept become 0.3642 ± 0.0011. This is the value at Fo50 olivine; at higher and lower Fo the value will be reduced by an amount related to olivine non-ideality. Our approach provides a straightforward means to determine Fe3+/∑Fe in olivine-bearing experimental melts, from which fO2 can be calculated. In contrast to KdFeT-Mg, the Mn–Mg exchange coefficient, Kd Mn - Mg, is relatively constant over a wide range of P–T–fO2 conditions. We present an expression for Kd Mn - Mg that incorporates the effects of temperature and olivine composition using the lattice strain model. By applying our experimentally-calibrated expressions for KdFeT-Mg and Kd Mn - Mg to olivine-hosted melt inclusions analysed by electron microprobe it is possible to correct simultaneously for post-entrapment crystallisation (or dissolution) and calculate melt Fe3+/∑Fe to a precision of ≤ 0.04.

Blundy, J., Melekhova, E., Ziberna, L., Humphreys, M., Cerantola, V., Brooker, R., et al. (2020). Effect of redox on Fe–Mg–Mn exchange between olivine and melt and an oxybarometer for basalts. CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, 175(11) [10.1007/s00410-020-01736-7].

Effect of redox on Fe–Mg–Mn exchange between olivine and melt and an oxybarometer for basalts

Cerantola, V;
2020

Abstract

The Fe–Mg exchange coefficient between olivine (ol) and melt (m), defined as KdFeT-Mg = (Feol/Fem)·(Mgm/Mgol), with all FeT expressed as Fe2+, is one of the most widely used parameters in petrology. We explore the effect of redox conditions on KdFeT-Mg using experimental, olivine-saturated basaltic glasses with variable H2O (≤ 7 wt%) over a wide range of fO2 (iron-wüstite buffer to air), pressure (≤ 1.7 GPa), temperature (1025–1425 °C) and melt composition. The ratio of Fe3+ to total Fe (Fe3+/∑Fe), as determined by Fe K-edge µXANES and/or Synchrotron Mössbauer Source (SMS) spectroscopy, lies in the range 0–0.84. Measured Fe3+/∑Fe is consistent (± 0.05) with published algorithms and appears insensitive to dissolved H2O. Combining our new data with published experimental data having measured glass Fe3+/∑Fe, we show that for Fo65–98 olivine in equilibrium with basaltic and basaltic andesite melts, KdFeT-Mg decreases linearly with Fe3+/∑Fe with a slope and intercept of 0.3135 ± 0.0011. After accounting for non-ideal mixing of forsterite and fayalite in olivine, using a symmetrical regular solution model, the slope and intercept become 0.3642 ± 0.0011. This is the value at Fo50 olivine; at higher and lower Fo the value will be reduced by an amount related to olivine non-ideality. Our approach provides a straightforward means to determine Fe3+/∑Fe in olivine-bearing experimental melts, from which fO2 can be calculated. In contrast to KdFeT-Mg, the Mn–Mg exchange coefficient, Kd Mn - Mg, is relatively constant over a wide range of P–T–fO2 conditions. We present an expression for Kd Mn - Mg that incorporates the effects of temperature and olivine composition using the lattice strain model. By applying our experimentally-calibrated expressions for KdFeT-Mg and Kd Mn - Mg to olivine-hosted melt inclusions analysed by electron microprobe it is possible to correct simultaneously for post-entrapment crystallisation (or dissolution) and calculate melt Fe3+/∑Fe to a precision of ≤ 0.04.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Experiments; Melt inclusions; Mössbauer; Olivine; Oxygen fugacity; µXANES;
English
Blundy, J., Melekhova, E., Ziberna, L., Humphreys, M., Cerantola, V., Brooker, R., et al. (2020). Effect of redox on Fe–Mg–Mn exchange between olivine and melt and an oxybarometer for basalts. CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, 175(11) [10.1007/s00410-020-01736-7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/397652
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