We report the crystal structure of dolomite-IV, a high-pressure polymorph of Fe-dolomite stabilized at 115 GPa and 2500 K. It is orthorhombic, space group Pnma, a =10.091(3), b = 8.090(7), c = 4.533(3) Å, V = 370.1(4) Å3 at 115.2 GPa and ambient temperature. The structure is based on the presence of threefold C3O9 carbonate rings, with carbon in tetrahedral coordination. The starting Fe-dolomite single crystal during compression up to 115 GPa transforms into dolomite-II (at 17 GPa) and dolomite-IIIb (at 36 GPa). The dolomite-IIIb, observed in this study, is rhombohedral, space group R3, a =11.956(3), c =13.626(5) Å, V =1686.9(5) Å3 at 39.4 GPa. It is different from a previously determined dolomite-III structure, but topologically similar. The density increase from dolomite-IIIb to dolomite IV is ca. 3%. The structure of dolomite-IV has not been predicted, but it presents similarities with the structural models proposed for the high-pressure polymorphs of magnesite, MgCO3. A ring-carbonate structure match with spectroscopic analysis of high-pressure forms of magnesite-siderite reported in the literature, and, therefore, is a likely candidate structure for a carbonate at the bottom of the Earth's mantle, at least for magnesitic and dolomitic compositions.

Merlini, M., Cerantola, V., Gatta, G., Gemmi, M., Hanfland, M., Kupenko, I., et al. (2017). Dolomite-IV: Candidate structure for a carbonate in the Earth's lower mantle. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, 102(8), 1763-1766 [10.2138/am-2017-6161].

Dolomite-IV: Candidate structure for a carbonate in the Earth's lower mantle

Cerantola, V;
2017

Abstract

We report the crystal structure of dolomite-IV, a high-pressure polymorph of Fe-dolomite stabilized at 115 GPa and 2500 K. It is orthorhombic, space group Pnma, a =10.091(3), b = 8.090(7), c = 4.533(3) Å, V = 370.1(4) Å3 at 115.2 GPa and ambient temperature. The structure is based on the presence of threefold C3O9 carbonate rings, with carbon in tetrahedral coordination. The starting Fe-dolomite single crystal during compression up to 115 GPa transforms into dolomite-II (at 17 GPa) and dolomite-IIIb (at 36 GPa). The dolomite-IIIb, observed in this study, is rhombohedral, space group R3, a =11.956(3), c =13.626(5) Å, V =1686.9(5) Å3 at 39.4 GPa. It is different from a previously determined dolomite-III structure, but topologically similar. The density increase from dolomite-IIIb to dolomite IV is ca. 3%. The structure of dolomite-IV has not been predicted, but it presents similarities with the structural models proposed for the high-pressure polymorphs of magnesite, MgCO3. A ring-carbonate structure match with spectroscopic analysis of high-pressure forms of magnesite-siderite reported in the literature, and, therefore, is a likely candidate structure for a carbonate at the bottom of the Earth's mantle, at least for magnesitic and dolomitic compositions.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Carbonate; high-pressure structure; single-crystal X-ray diffraction; tetrahedral ring-carbonate;
English
1763
1766
4
Merlini, M., Cerantola, V., Gatta, G., Gemmi, M., Hanfland, M., Kupenko, I., et al. (2017). Dolomite-IV: Candidate structure for a carbonate in the Earth's lower mantle. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, 102(8), 1763-1766 [10.2138/am-2017-6161].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/397651
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