Background: Low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSOC) is a rare entity with different behavior compared to high-grade serous (HGSOC). Because of its general low chemosensitivity, complete cytoreductive surgery with no residual disease is crucial in advanced stage LGSOC. We evaluated the impact of optimal cytoreduction on survival outcome both at first diagnosis and at recurrence. Methods: We retrospectively studied consecutive patients diagnosed with advanced LGSOCs who underwent cytoreductive surgery in two oncological centers from January 1994 to December 2018. Survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan–Meier method, and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using the Greenwood formula. Results: A total of 92 patients were included (median age was 47 years, IQR 35–64). The median overall survival (OS) was 142.3 months in patients with no residual disease (RD), 86.4 months for RD 1–10 mm and 35.2 months for RD >10 mm (p = 0.002). Progression-free survival (PFS) was inversely related to RD after primary cytoreductive surgery (RD = 0 vs RD = 1–10 mm vs RD >10 mm, p = 0.002). On multivariate analysis, RD 1–10 mm (HR = 2.30, 95% CI 1.30–4.06, p = 0.004), RD >10 mm (HR = 3.89, 95% CI 1.92–7.88, p = 0.0004), FIGO stage IV (p = 0.001), and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) (p = 0.010) were independent predictors of PFS. RD >10 mm (HR = 3.13, 95% CI 1.52–6.46, p = 0.004), FIGO stage IV (p <0.0001) and NACT (p = 0.030) were significantly associated with a lower OS. Conclusions: Optimal cytoreductive surgery improves survival outcomes in advanced stage LGSOCs. When complete debulking is impossible, a RD <10 mm confers better OS compared to an RD >10 mm in this setting of patients.

Di Lorenzo, P., Conteduca, V., Scarpi, E., Adorni, M., Multinu, F., Garbi, A., et al. (2022). Advanced low grade serous ovarian cancer: A retrospective analysis of surgical and chemotherapeutic management in two high volume oncological centers. FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY, 12 [10.3389/fonc.2022.970918].

Advanced low grade serous ovarian cancer: A retrospective analysis of surgical and chemotherapeutic management in two high volume oncological centers

Bianchi T.;Landoni F.;Colombo N.;Fruscio R.
2022

Abstract

Background: Low-grade serous ovarian cancer (LGSOC) is a rare entity with different behavior compared to high-grade serous (HGSOC). Because of its general low chemosensitivity, complete cytoreductive surgery with no residual disease is crucial in advanced stage LGSOC. We evaluated the impact of optimal cytoreduction on survival outcome both at first diagnosis and at recurrence. Methods: We retrospectively studied consecutive patients diagnosed with advanced LGSOCs who underwent cytoreductive surgery in two oncological centers from January 1994 to December 2018. Survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan–Meier method, and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using the Greenwood formula. Results: A total of 92 patients were included (median age was 47 years, IQR 35–64). The median overall survival (OS) was 142.3 months in patients with no residual disease (RD), 86.4 months for RD 1–10 mm and 35.2 months for RD >10 mm (p = 0.002). Progression-free survival (PFS) was inversely related to RD after primary cytoreductive surgery (RD = 0 vs RD = 1–10 mm vs RD >10 mm, p = 0.002). On multivariate analysis, RD 1–10 mm (HR = 2.30, 95% CI 1.30–4.06, p = 0.004), RD >10 mm (HR = 3.89, 95% CI 1.92–7.88, p = 0.0004), FIGO stage IV (p = 0.001), and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) (p = 0.010) were independent predictors of PFS. RD >10 mm (HR = 3.13, 95% CI 1.52–6.46, p = 0.004), FIGO stage IV (p <0.0001) and NACT (p = 0.030) were significantly associated with a lower OS. Conclusions: Optimal cytoreductive surgery improves survival outcomes in advanced stage LGSOCs. When complete debulking is impossible, a RD <10 mm confers better OS compared to an RD >10 mm in this setting of patients.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
adjuvant treatment; low-grade serous ovarian cancer; neoadjuvant chemotherapy; primary cytoreduction; residual disease; secondary cytoreductive surgery;
English
2022
12
970918
none
Di Lorenzo, P., Conteduca, V., Scarpi, E., Adorni, M., Multinu, F., Garbi, A., et al. (2022). Advanced low grade serous ovarian cancer: A retrospective analysis of surgical and chemotherapeutic management in two high volume oncological centers. FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY, 12 [10.3389/fonc.2022.970918].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/396992
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