This paper presents a systematic study of the photoionization and thermodynamic properties of the cool circumgalactic medium (CGM) as traced by rest-frame ultraviolet absorption lines around 26 galaxies at redshift z less than or similar to 1. The study utilizes both high-quality far-ultraviolet and optical spectra of background QSOs and deep galaxy redshift surveys to characterize the gas density, temperature, and pressure of individual absorbing components and to resolve their internal non-thermal motions. The derived gas density spans more than three decades, from log(n(H)/cm(-3)) approximate to -4 to -1, while the temperature of the gas is confined in a narrow range of log (T/K) approximate to 4.3 +/- 0.3. In addition, a weak anticorrelation between gas density and temperature is observed, consistent with the expectation of the gas being in photoionization equilibrium. Furthermore, decomposing the observed line widths into thermal and non-thermal contributions reveals that more than 30 per cent of the components at z less than or similar to 1 exhibit line widths driven by non-thermal motions, in comparison to <20 per cent found at z approximate to 2-3. Attributing the observed non-thermal line widths to intra-clump turbulence, we find that massive quenched galaxies on average exhibit higher non-thermal broadening/turbulent energy in their CGM compared to star-forming galaxies at z less than or similar to 1. Finally, strong absorption features from multiple ions covering a wide range of ionization energy (e.g. from Mg II to O IV) can be present simultaneously in a single absorption system with kinematically aligned component structure, but the inferred pressure in different phases may differ by a factor of approximate to 10.

Qu, Z., Chen, H., C Rudie, G., S Zahedy, F., D Johnson, S., Boettcher, E., et al. (2022). The Cosmic Ultraviolet Baryon Survey (CUBS) V: on the thermodynamic properties of the cool circumgalactic medium at z ≲ 1. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 516(4), 4882-4897 [10.1093/mnras/stac2528].

The Cosmic Ultraviolet Baryon Survey (CUBS) V: on the thermodynamic properties of the cool circumgalactic medium at z ≲ 1

Cantalupo, S;
2022

Abstract

This paper presents a systematic study of the photoionization and thermodynamic properties of the cool circumgalactic medium (CGM) as traced by rest-frame ultraviolet absorption lines around 26 galaxies at redshift z less than or similar to 1. The study utilizes both high-quality far-ultraviolet and optical spectra of background QSOs and deep galaxy redshift surveys to characterize the gas density, temperature, and pressure of individual absorbing components and to resolve their internal non-thermal motions. The derived gas density spans more than three decades, from log(n(H)/cm(-3)) approximate to -4 to -1, while the temperature of the gas is confined in a narrow range of log (T/K) approximate to 4.3 +/- 0.3. In addition, a weak anticorrelation between gas density and temperature is observed, consistent with the expectation of the gas being in photoionization equilibrium. Furthermore, decomposing the observed line widths into thermal and non-thermal contributions reveals that more than 30 per cent of the components at z less than or similar to 1 exhibit line widths driven by non-thermal motions, in comparison to <20 per cent found at z approximate to 2-3. Attributing the observed non-thermal line widths to intra-clump turbulence, we find that massive quenched galaxies on average exhibit higher non-thermal broadening/turbulent energy in their CGM compared to star-forming galaxies at z less than or similar to 1. Finally, strong absorption features from multiple ions covering a wide range of ionization energy (e.g. from Mg II to O IV) can be present simultaneously in a single absorption system with kinematically aligned component structure, but the inferred pressure in different phases may differ by a factor of approximate to 10.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
surveys; galaxies: haloes; intergalactic medium; quasars: absorption lines
English
9-set-2022
2022
516
4
4882
4897
none
Qu, Z., Chen, H., C Rudie, G., S Zahedy, F., D Johnson, S., Boettcher, E., et al. (2022). The Cosmic Ultraviolet Baryon Survey (CUBS) V: on the thermodynamic properties of the cool circumgalactic medium at z ≲ 1. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 516(4), 4882-4897 [10.1093/mnras/stac2528].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/396873
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