The Rho-GTPase Rac1 stimulates actin remodelling at the cell periphery by relaying signals to Scar/WAVE proteins leading to activation of Arp2/3-mediated actin polymerization. Scar/WAVE proteins do not interact with Rac1 directly, but instead assemble into multiprotein complexes, which was shown to regulate their activity in vitro. However, little information is available on how these complexes function in vivo. Here we show that the specifically Rac1-associated protein-1 (Sra-1) and Nck-associated protein 1 (Nap1) interact with WAVE2 and Abi-1 (e3B1) in resting cells or upon Rac activation. Consistently, Sra-1, Nap1, WAVE2 and Abi-1 translocated to the tips of membrane protrusions after microinjection of constitutively active Rac. Moreover, removal of Sra-1 or Nap1 by RNA interference abrogated the formation of Rac-dependent lamellipodia induced by growth factor stimulation or aluminium fluoride treatment. Finally, microinjection of an activated Rac failed to restore lamellipodia protrusion in cells lacking either protein. Thus, Sra-1 and Nap1 are constitutive and essential components of a WAVE2- and Abi-1-containing complex linking Rac to site-directed actin assembly.

Steffen, A., Rottner, K., Ehinger, J., Innocenti, M., Scita, G., Wehland, J., et al. (2004). Sra-1 and Nap1 link Rac to actin assembly driving lamellipodia formation. EMBO JOURNAL, 23(4), 749-759 [10.1038/sj.emboj.7600084].

Sra-1 and Nap1 link Rac to actin assembly driving lamellipodia formation

Innocenti M;
2004

Abstract

The Rho-GTPase Rac1 stimulates actin remodelling at the cell periphery by relaying signals to Scar/WAVE proteins leading to activation of Arp2/3-mediated actin polymerization. Scar/WAVE proteins do not interact with Rac1 directly, but instead assemble into multiprotein complexes, which was shown to regulate their activity in vitro. However, little information is available on how these complexes function in vivo. Here we show that the specifically Rac1-associated protein-1 (Sra-1) and Nck-associated protein 1 (Nap1) interact with WAVE2 and Abi-1 (e3B1) in resting cells or upon Rac activation. Consistently, Sra-1, Nap1, WAVE2 and Abi-1 translocated to the tips of membrane protrusions after microinjection of constitutively active Rac. Moreover, removal of Sra-1 or Nap1 by RNA interference abrogated the formation of Rac-dependent lamellipodia induced by growth factor stimulation or aluminium fluoride treatment. Finally, microinjection of an activated Rac failed to restore lamellipodia protrusion in cells lacking either protein. Thus, Sra-1 and Nap1 are constitutive and essential components of a WAVE2- and Abi-1-containing complex linking Rac to site-directed actin assembly.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Abi; Lamellipodium; Rac; WAVE;
English
2004
23
4
749
759
reserved
Steffen, A., Rottner, K., Ehinger, J., Innocenti, M., Scita, G., Wehland, J., et al. (2004). Sra-1 and Nap1 link Rac to actin assembly driving lamellipodia formation. EMBO JOURNAL, 23(4), 749-759 [10.1038/sj.emboj.7600084].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/396257
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