Direct cell-to-cell spreading of Listeria monocytogenes requires the bacteria to induce actin-based finger-like membrane protrusions in donor host cells that are endocytosed through caveolin-rich membrane invaginations by adjacent receiving cells. An actin shell surrounds these endocytic sites; however, its structure, composition, and functional significance remain elusive. Here, we show that the formin mDia1, but surprisingly not the Arp2/3 complex, is enriched at the membrane invaginations generated by L. monocytogenes during HeLa and Jeg-3 cell infections. Electron microscopy reveals a band of linear actin filaments that run along the longitudinal axis of the invagination membrane. Mechanistically, mDia1 expression is vital for the assembly of this F-actin shell. mDia1 is also required for the recruitment of Filamin A, a caveola-associated F-actin cross-linking protein, and caveolin-1 to the invaginations. Importantly, mixed-cell infection assays show that optimal caveolin-based L. monocytogenes cell-to-cell spreading correlates with the formation of the linear actin filament-containing shell by mDia1. IMPORTANCE Listeria monocytogenes spreads from one cell to another to colonize tissues. This cell-to-cell movement requires the propulsive force of an actin-rich comet tail behind the advancing bacterium, which ultimately distends the host plasma membrane into a slender bacterium-containing membrane protrusion. These membrane protrusions induce a corresponding invagination in the membrane of the adjacent host cell. The host cell that receives the protrusion utilizes caveolin-based endocytosis to internalize the structures, and filamentous actin lines these membrane invaginations. Here, we set out to determine the structure and function of this filamentous actin “shell.” We demonstrate that the formin mDia1, but not the Arp2/3 complex, localizes to the invaginations. Morphologically, we show that this actin is organized into linear arrays and not branched dendritic networks. Mechanistically, we show that the actin shell is assembled by mDia1 and that mDia1 is required for efficient cell-to-cell transfer of L. monocytogenes.

Dhanda, A., Vogl, A., Ness, F., Innocenti, M., Guttman, J. (2021). mDia1 Assembles a Linear F-Actin Coat at Membrane Invaginations To Drive Listeria monocytogenes Cell-to-Cell Spreading. MBIO, 12(6) [10.1128/mBio.02939-21].

mDia1 Assembles a Linear F-Actin Coat at Membrane Invaginations To Drive Listeria monocytogenes Cell-to-Cell Spreading

Innocenti M
;
2021

Abstract

Direct cell-to-cell spreading of Listeria monocytogenes requires the bacteria to induce actin-based finger-like membrane protrusions in donor host cells that are endocytosed through caveolin-rich membrane invaginations by adjacent receiving cells. An actin shell surrounds these endocytic sites; however, its structure, composition, and functional significance remain elusive. Here, we show that the formin mDia1, but surprisingly not the Arp2/3 complex, is enriched at the membrane invaginations generated by L. monocytogenes during HeLa and Jeg-3 cell infections. Electron microscopy reveals a band of linear actin filaments that run along the longitudinal axis of the invagination membrane. Mechanistically, mDia1 expression is vital for the assembly of this F-actin shell. mDia1 is also required for the recruitment of Filamin A, a caveola-associated F-actin cross-linking protein, and caveolin-1 to the invaginations. Importantly, mixed-cell infection assays show that optimal caveolin-based L. monocytogenes cell-to-cell spreading correlates with the formation of the linear actin filament-containing shell by mDia1. IMPORTANCE Listeria monocytogenes spreads from one cell to another to colonize tissues. This cell-to-cell movement requires the propulsive force of an actin-rich comet tail behind the advancing bacterium, which ultimately distends the host plasma membrane into a slender bacterium-containing membrane protrusion. These membrane protrusions induce a corresponding invagination in the membrane of the adjacent host cell. The host cell that receives the protrusion utilizes caveolin-based endocytosis to internalize the structures, and filamentous actin lines these membrane invaginations. Here, we set out to determine the structure and function of this filamentous actin “shell.” We demonstrate that the formin mDia1, but not the Arp2/3 complex, localizes to the invaginations. Morphologically, we show that this actin is organized into linear arrays and not branched dendritic networks. Mechanistically, we show that the actin shell is assembled by mDia1 and that mDia1 is required for efficient cell-to-cell transfer of L. monocytogenes.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Actin; Cytoskeleton; Endocytosis; Host-pathogen interactions; Listeria monocytogenes;
English
Dhanda, A., Vogl, A., Ness, F., Innocenti, M., Guttman, J. (2021). mDia1 Assembles a Linear F-Actin Coat at Membrane Invaginations To Drive Listeria monocytogenes Cell-to-Cell Spreading. MBIO, 12(6) [10.1128/mBio.02939-21].
Dhanda, A; Vogl, A; Ness, F; Innocenti, M; Guttman, J
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/396254
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