The localization of the rubber vulcanization reaction close to the silica filler surface was investigated in isoprene rubber composites (IR NCs): the main goal was to highlight the role of curing agents’ dispersion and filler surface features on the spatial propagation of the rubber cross-links and the resulting mechanical behavior of the material. The study was realized by tailoring the morphology of the curing activator, i.e. by vulcanizing IR NCs with Zn@SiO2 double function filler, composed of Zn(II) single sites anchored on SiO2 filler, in comparison to silica filled IR NCs vulcanized with microcrystalline ZnO. The microscopic cross-links distribution was measured by Transmission Electron Microscopy for network visualization (NVTEM) and Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR). Besides the NCs mechanical behavior was characterized both at small strain and at fracture. In the presence of Zn@SiO2, higher cross-link density in proximity to SiO2 particles was evidenced, which gradually spreads from the filler surface to the bulk, induced by localization of the Zn(II) centers. IR NCs with Zn@SiO2 resulted stiffer (+45%) and with a lower fracture toughness (less than one third), compared to m-ZnO based NCs, which shows a quite homogeneous structure of the rubber cross-links network. The results highlighted the correlation between the composites structural features and their macroscopic behavior, paving the way to modulating the mechanical properties of elastomeric materials by tuning the nature of the curing agents.

Mostoni, S., Milana, P., Marano, C., Conzatti, L., Mauri, M., D'Arienzo, M., et al. (2022). Localizing the cross-links distribution in elastomeric composites by tailoring the morphology of the curing activator. COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 230(Part 1 (10 November 2022)), 1-9 [10.1016/j.compscitech.2022.109780].

Localizing the cross-links distribution in elastomeric composites by tailoring the morphology of the curing activator

Mostoni S.
Primo
;
Milana P.;Mauri M.;D'Arienzo M.;Di Credico B.;Simonutti R.;Scotti R.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The localization of the rubber vulcanization reaction close to the silica filler surface was investigated in isoprene rubber composites (IR NCs): the main goal was to highlight the role of curing agents’ dispersion and filler surface features on the spatial propagation of the rubber cross-links and the resulting mechanical behavior of the material. The study was realized by tailoring the morphology of the curing activator, i.e. by vulcanizing IR NCs with Zn@SiO2 double function filler, composed of Zn(II) single sites anchored on SiO2 filler, in comparison to silica filled IR NCs vulcanized with microcrystalline ZnO. The microscopic cross-links distribution was measured by Transmission Electron Microscopy for network visualization (NVTEM) and Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR). Besides the NCs mechanical behavior was characterized both at small strain and at fracture. In the presence of Zn@SiO2, higher cross-link density in proximity to SiO2 particles was evidenced, which gradually spreads from the filler surface to the bulk, induced by localization of the Zn(II) centers. IR NCs with Zn@SiO2 resulted stiffer (+45%) and with a lower fracture toughness (less than one third), compared to m-ZnO based NCs, which shows a quite homogeneous structure of the rubber cross-links network. The results highlighted the correlation between the composites structural features and their macroscopic behavior, paving the way to modulating the mechanical properties of elastomeric materials by tuning the nature of the curing agents.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Interface (B); Mechanical properties (B); Microstructure (B); Nano composite (A); Nano particles (A);
English
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Mostoni, S., Milana, P., Marano, C., Conzatti, L., Mauri, M., D'Arienzo, M., et al. (2022). Localizing the cross-links distribution in elastomeric composites by tailoring the morphology of the curing activator. COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 230(Part 1 (10 November 2022)), 1-9 [10.1016/j.compscitech.2022.109780].
Mostoni, S; Milana, P; Marano, C; Conzatti, L; Mauri, M; D'Arienzo, M; Di Credico, B; Simonutti, R; Stagnaro, P; Scotti, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/395174
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