Background: Lesion segmentation is a critical step in medical image analysis, and methods to identify pathology without time-intensive manual labeling of data are of utmost importance during a pandemic and in resource-constrained healthcare settings. Here, we describe a method for fully automated segmentation and quantification of pathological COVID-19 lung tissue on chest Computed Tomography (CT) scans without the need for manually segmented training data. Methods: We trained a cycle-consistent generative adversarial network (CycleGAN) to convert images of COVID-19 scans into their generated healthy equivalents. Subtraction of the generated healthy images from their corresponding original CT scans yielded maps of pathological tissue, without background lung parenchyma, fissures, airways, or vessels. We then used these maps to construct three-dimensional lesion segmentations. Using a validation dataset, Dice scores were computed for our lesion segmentations and other published segmentation networks using ground truth segmentations reviewed by radiologists. Results: The COVID-to-Healthy generator eliminated high Hounsfield unit (HU) voxels within pulmonary lesions and replaced them with lower HU voxels. The generator did not distort normal anatomy such as vessels, airways, or fissures. The generated healthy images had higher gas content (2.45 ± 0.93 vs 3.01 ± 0.84 L, P < 0.001) and lower tissue density (1.27 ± 0.40 vs 0.73 ± 0.29 Kg, P < 0.001) than their corresponding original COVID-19 images, and they were not significantly different from those of the healthy images (P < 0.001). Using the validation dataset, lesion segmentations scored an average Dice score of 55.9, comparable to other weakly supervised networks that do require manual segmentations. Conclusion: Our CycleGAN model successfully segmented pulmonary lesions in mild and severe COVID-19 cases. Our model's performance was comparable to other published models; however, our model is unique in its ability to segment lesions without the need for manual segmentations.

Connell, M., Xin, Y., Gerard, S., Herrmann, J., Shah, P., Martin, K., et al. (2022). Unsupervised segmentation and quantification of COVID-19 lesions on computed Tomography scans using CycleGAN. METHODS, 205(September 2022), 200-209 [10.1016/j.ymeth.2022.07.007].

Unsupervised segmentation and quantification of COVID-19 lesions on computed Tomography scans using CycleGAN

Rezoagli E.;Ippolito D.;Delvecchio P.;Bellani G.;
2022

Abstract

Background: Lesion segmentation is a critical step in medical image analysis, and methods to identify pathology without time-intensive manual labeling of data are of utmost importance during a pandemic and in resource-constrained healthcare settings. Here, we describe a method for fully automated segmentation and quantification of pathological COVID-19 lung tissue on chest Computed Tomography (CT) scans without the need for manually segmented training data. Methods: We trained a cycle-consistent generative adversarial network (CycleGAN) to convert images of COVID-19 scans into their generated healthy equivalents. Subtraction of the generated healthy images from their corresponding original CT scans yielded maps of pathological tissue, without background lung parenchyma, fissures, airways, or vessels. We then used these maps to construct three-dimensional lesion segmentations. Using a validation dataset, Dice scores were computed for our lesion segmentations and other published segmentation networks using ground truth segmentations reviewed by radiologists. Results: The COVID-to-Healthy generator eliminated high Hounsfield unit (HU) voxels within pulmonary lesions and replaced them with lower HU voxels. The generator did not distort normal anatomy such as vessels, airways, or fissures. The generated healthy images had higher gas content (2.45 ± 0.93 vs 3.01 ± 0.84 L, P < 0.001) and lower tissue density (1.27 ± 0.40 vs 0.73 ± 0.29 Kg, P < 0.001) than their corresponding original COVID-19 images, and they were not significantly different from those of the healthy images (P < 0.001). Using the validation dataset, lesion segmentations scored an average Dice score of 55.9, comparable to other weakly supervised networks that do require manual segmentations. Conclusion: Our CycleGAN model successfully segmented pulmonary lesions in mild and severe COVID-19 cases. Our model's performance was comparable to other published models; however, our model is unique in its ability to segment lesions without the need for manual segmentations.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
COVID-19; CT; CycleGAN; Lesion segmentation;
English
200
209
10
Connell, M., Xin, Y., Gerard, S., Herrmann, J., Shah, P., Martin, K., et al. (2022). Unsupervised segmentation and quantification of COVID-19 lesions on computed Tomography scans using CycleGAN. METHODS, 205(September 2022), 200-209 [10.1016/j.ymeth.2022.07.007].
Connell, M; Xin, Y; Gerard, S; Herrmann, J; Shah, P; Martin, K; Rezoagli, E; Ippolito, D; Rajaei, J; Baron, R; Delvecchio, P; Humayun, S; Rizi, R; Bellani, G; Cereda, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/392368
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