Background: In Parkinson's disease (PD), verb-naming tasks (VNTs) have been proposed as superior to noun-naming ones in detecting language deficits, although such a hypothesis is not supported at a statistical level. Objectives: The main aim of this study was to provide diagnostic accuracy evidence for a VNT and noun-naming task (NNT) in detecting cognitive impairment (CI) in PD patients. Method: Thirty-three consecutive PD patients were subdivided into participants with (PD-CI; N = 12) or without CI (cognitively unimpaired, PD-CU; N = 21), based on a raw score ≤25 or >25 on the Mini-Mental State Examination, respectively. The NNT and VNT by Neuropsychologia [2006 Jan;44(1):73-89] were administered. Diagnostic accuracy of the NNT and VNT was assessed through receiver-operating characteristics analyses by comparing PD-CU to PD-CI patients. At the optimal cut-off, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV), and likelihood ratios (LR+, LR-) were separately tested for the NNT and VNT against PD-CU versus PD-CI classification. Results: Diagnostic accuracy was higher for the NNT (AUC = 0.85; p = 0.001) versus the VNT (AUC = 0.68; p = 0.092). Consistently, the NNT yielded higher sensitivity, specificity, and post-test features than the VNT (NNT: sensitivity = 0.75, specificity = 0.81, PPV = 0.69, NPV = 0.85, LR+ = 3.94, LR- = 0.31; VNT: sensitivity = 0.67, specificity = 0.67, PPV = 0.53, NPV = 0.78, LR+ = 2, LR- = 0.5). Conclusions: In accordance with the Movement Disorders Society guidelines, NNTs are diagnostically sound psychometric instruments to discriminate PD patients with versus without CI. However, these findings need replication by (1) employing a gold standard different from the Mini-Mental State Examination, which does not capture the full range of CI in this population and (2) subdividing PD patients into those with mild CI and dementia.

Aiello, E., Grosso, M., Caracciolo, C., Andriulo, A., Buscone, S., Ottobrini, M., et al. (2022). Diagnostic Accuracy of Noun- and Verb-Naming Tasks in Detecting Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease. NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES, 21(5-6), 146-149 [10.1159/000525195].

Diagnostic Accuracy of Noun- and Verb-Naming Tasks in Detecting Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease

Aiello, EN
;
Luzzatti, C
2022

Abstract

Background: In Parkinson's disease (PD), verb-naming tasks (VNTs) have been proposed as superior to noun-naming ones in detecting language deficits, although such a hypothesis is not supported at a statistical level. Objectives: The main aim of this study was to provide diagnostic accuracy evidence for a VNT and noun-naming task (NNT) in detecting cognitive impairment (CI) in PD patients. Method: Thirty-three consecutive PD patients were subdivided into participants with (PD-CI; N = 12) or without CI (cognitively unimpaired, PD-CU; N = 21), based on a raw score ≤25 or >25 on the Mini-Mental State Examination, respectively. The NNT and VNT by Neuropsychologia [2006 Jan;44(1):73-89] were administered. Diagnostic accuracy of the NNT and VNT was assessed through receiver-operating characteristics analyses by comparing PD-CU to PD-CI patients. At the optimal cut-off, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV), and likelihood ratios (LR+, LR-) were separately tested for the NNT and VNT against PD-CU versus PD-CI classification. Results: Diagnostic accuracy was higher for the NNT (AUC = 0.85; p = 0.001) versus the VNT (AUC = 0.68; p = 0.092). Consistently, the NNT yielded higher sensitivity, specificity, and post-test features than the VNT (NNT: sensitivity = 0.75, specificity = 0.81, PPV = 0.69, NPV = 0.85, LR+ = 3.94, LR- = 0.31; VNT: sensitivity = 0.67, specificity = 0.67, PPV = 0.53, NPV = 0.78, LR+ = 2, LR- = 0.5). Conclusions: In accordance with the Movement Disorders Society guidelines, NNTs are diagnostically sound psychometric instruments to discriminate PD patients with versus without CI. However, these findings need replication by (1) employing a gold standard different from the Mini-Mental State Examination, which does not capture the full range of CI in this population and (2) subdividing PD patients into those with mild CI and dementia.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Diagnostics; Language impairment; Naming; Parkinson's disease;
English
146
149
4
Aiello, E., Grosso, M., Caracciolo, C., Andriulo, A., Buscone, S., Ottobrini, M., et al. (2022). Diagnostic Accuracy of Noun- and Verb-Naming Tasks in Detecting Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease. NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES, 21(5-6), 146-149 [10.1159/000525195].
Aiello, E; Grosso, M; Caracciolo, C; Andriulo, A; Buscone, S; Ottobrini, M; Luzzatti, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/391113
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