Cardiometabolic risk factors are frequent in children and adolescents with excess weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lifestyle modifications on alterations in lipid and glycemic profiles and uric acid values in a pediatric population at increased cardiovascular risk. The study involved 276 subjects with a mean age of 10.6 (2.3) years. Body mass index (BMI) z-score and biochemical parameters (serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and uric acid and homeostasis model assessment to quantify insulin resistance (HOMA index)) were assessed at baseline and at the end of a median follow-up of 14.7 (12.4, 19.3) months. Throughout follow-up, all children received a non-pharmacological treatment based on increased physical activity, reduced sedentary activity and administration of a personalized, healthy and balanced diet. All children attended periodic quarterly control visits during follow-up. Multivariable statistical analyses showed that each BMI z-score point reduction at follow-up was associated with an 8.9 (95% CI −14.2; −3.6) mg/dL decrease in LDL cholesterol (p = 0.001), 20.4 (95% CI −30.0; −10.7) mg/dL in triglycerides (p < 0.001), 1.6 (95% CI −2.2; −1.0) in HOMA index (p < 0.001), and 0.42 (95% CI −0.66; −0.18) mg/dL in uric acid (p = 0.001) values. At each reduction of the BMI z-score by one point, the odds of presenting with insulin resistance and hyperuricemia at follow-up significantly decreased (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.10–0.50, and OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.10–0.95, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). Improvement of dietary habits and lifestyles may improve lipid and glycemic profiles and serum uric acid values in a pediatric population.

Giussani, M., Orlando, A., Tassistro, E., Lieti, G., Patti, I., Antolini, L., et al. (2022). Impact of Lifestyle Modifications on Alterations in Lipid and Glycemic Profiles and Uric Acid Values in a Pediatric Population. NUTRIENTS, 14(5) [10.3390/nu14051034].

Impact of Lifestyle Modifications on Alterations in Lipid and Glycemic Profiles and Uric Acid Values in a Pediatric Population

Tassistro E.;Lieti G.;Antolini L.;Parati G.;Genovesi S.
2022

Abstract

Cardiometabolic risk factors are frequent in children and adolescents with excess weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lifestyle modifications on alterations in lipid and glycemic profiles and uric acid values in a pediatric population at increased cardiovascular risk. The study involved 276 subjects with a mean age of 10.6 (2.3) years. Body mass index (BMI) z-score and biochemical parameters (serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and uric acid and homeostasis model assessment to quantify insulin resistance (HOMA index)) were assessed at baseline and at the end of a median follow-up of 14.7 (12.4, 19.3) months. Throughout follow-up, all children received a non-pharmacological treatment based on increased physical activity, reduced sedentary activity and administration of a personalized, healthy and balanced diet. All children attended periodic quarterly control visits during follow-up. Multivariable statistical analyses showed that each BMI z-score point reduction at follow-up was associated with an 8.9 (95% CI −14.2; −3.6) mg/dL decrease in LDL cholesterol (p = 0.001), 20.4 (95% CI −30.0; −10.7) mg/dL in triglycerides (p < 0.001), 1.6 (95% CI −2.2; −1.0) in HOMA index (p < 0.001), and 0.42 (95% CI −0.66; −0.18) mg/dL in uric acid (p = 0.001) values. At each reduction of the BMI z-score by one point, the odds of presenting with insulin resistance and hyperuricemia at follow-up significantly decreased (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.10–0.50, and OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.10–0.95, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). Improvement of dietary habits and lifestyles may improve lipid and glycemic profiles and serum uric acid values in a pediatric population.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cardiovascular risk; Children; Dyslipidemia; Insulin resistance; Lifestyle modifications; Obesity; Overweight; Uric acid;
English
Giussani, M., Orlando, A., Tassistro, E., Lieti, G., Patti, I., Antolini, L., et al. (2022). Impact of Lifestyle Modifications on Alterations in Lipid and Glycemic Profiles and Uric Acid Values in a Pediatric Population. NUTRIENTS, 14(5) [10.3390/nu14051034].
Giussani, M; Orlando, A; Tassistro, E; Lieti, G; Patti, I; Antolini, L; Parati, G; Genovesi, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/385122
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