In this paper, we systematically explore the impact of a galactic bar on the inspiral time-scale of a massive object (MO) within a Milky Way-like galaxy. We integrate the orbit of MOs in a multicomponent galaxy model via a semi-analytical approach that accounts for dynamical friction generalized to rotationally supported backgrounds. We compare the MO evolution in a galaxy featuring a Milky Way-like rotating bar to the evolution within an analogous axisymmetric galaxy without the bar. In agreement with previous studies, we find that the bar presence may significantly affect the inspiral, sometimes making it shorter by a factor of a few, and sometimes hindering it for a Hubble time. The erratic behaviour is mainly impacted by the relative phase at which the MO encounters the stronger bar-induced resonances. In particular, the effect of the bar is more prominent for initially in-plane, prograde MOs, especially those crossing the bar co-rotation radius or outer Lindblad resonance. In the barred galaxy, we find the sinking of the most massive MOs ( _ 10 7 . 5 M _) approaching the galaxy from large separations ( _ 8 kpc) to be most efficiently hampered. Neglecting the effect of global torques associated with the non-symmetric mass distribution is thus not advisable even within an idealized, smooth galaxy model; we further note that spiral patterns are unlikely to affect the inspiral due to their transient and fluctuating nature. We speculate that the sinking efficiency of massive black holes involved in minor galaxy mergers may be hampered in barred galaxies, making them less likely to host a gravitational wave signal accessible to low-frequency detectors.

Bortolas, E., Bonetti, M., Dotti, M., Lupi, A., Capelo, P., Mayer, L., et al. (2022). The role of bars on the dynamical-friction-driven inspiral of massive objects. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 512(3), 3365-3382 [10.1093/mnras/stac645].

The role of bars on the dynamical-friction-driven inspiral of massive objects

Bortolas, Elisa
Primo
;
Bonetti, Matteo
Secondo
;
Dotti, Massimo;Lupi, Alessandro;Sesana, Alberto
2022

Abstract

In this paper, we systematically explore the impact of a galactic bar on the inspiral time-scale of a massive object (MO) within a Milky Way-like galaxy. We integrate the orbit of MOs in a multicomponent galaxy model via a semi-analytical approach that accounts for dynamical friction generalized to rotationally supported backgrounds. We compare the MO evolution in a galaxy featuring a Milky Way-like rotating bar to the evolution within an analogous axisymmetric galaxy without the bar. In agreement with previous studies, we find that the bar presence may significantly affect the inspiral, sometimes making it shorter by a factor of a few, and sometimes hindering it for a Hubble time. The erratic behaviour is mainly impacted by the relative phase at which the MO encounters the stronger bar-induced resonances. In particular, the effect of the bar is more prominent for initially in-plane, prograde MOs, especially those crossing the bar co-rotation radius or outer Lindblad resonance. In the barred galaxy, we find the sinking of the most massive MOs ( _ 10 7 . 5 M _) approaching the galaxy from large separations ( _ 8 kpc) to be most efficiently hampered. Neglecting the effect of global torques associated with the non-symmetric mass distribution is thus not advisable even within an idealized, smooth galaxy model; we further note that spiral patterns are unlikely to affect the inspiral due to their transient and fluctuating nature. We speculate that the sinking efficiency of massive black holes involved in minor galaxy mergers may be hampered in barred galaxies, making them less likely to host a gravitational wave signal accessible to low-frequency detectors.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
black hole physics -methods; kinematics and dynamics -galaxies; kinematics and dynamics -Galaxy; numerical -stars; structure;
English
3365
3382
18
Bortolas, E., Bonetti, M., Dotti, M., Lupi, A., Capelo, P., Mayer, L., et al. (2022). The role of bars on the dynamical-friction-driven inspiral of massive objects. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 512(3), 3365-3382 [10.1093/mnras/stac645].
Bortolas, E; Bonetti, M; Dotti, M; Lupi, A; Capelo, P; Mayer, L; Sesana, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/382302
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