The-growing influence of urbanisation on green areas can greatly benefit from passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) across spatiotemporal continua to provide biodiversity estimation and useful information for conservation planning and development decisions. The capability of ecoacoustic indices to capture different sound features has been harnessed to identify areas within the Parco Nord of Milan, Italy, characterised by different degrees of anthropic disturbance and biophonic activity. For this purpose, we used a network of very low-cost sensors distributed over an area of approximately 20 hectares to highlight areas with different acoustic properties. The audio files analysed in this study were recorded at 16 sites on four sessions during the period 25–29 May (2015), from 06:30 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Seven eco-acoustic indices, namely Acoustic Complexity Index (ACI), Acoustic Diversity Index (ADI), Acoustic Evenness Index (AEI), Bio-Acoustic Index (BI), Acoustic Entropy Index (H), Normalized Difference Soundscape Index (NSDI), and Dynamic Spectral Centroid (DSC) were computed at 1 s integration time and the resulting time series were described by seven statistical descriptors. A dimensionality reduction of the indices carrying similar sound information was obtained by performing principal component analysis (PCA). Over the retained dimensions, describing a large (∼80%) variance of the original variables, a cluster analysis allowed discriminating among sites characterized by different combination of eco-acoustic indices (dimensions). The results show that the obtained groups are well correlated with the results of an aural survey aimed at determining the sound components at the sixteen sites (biophonies, technophonies, and geophonies). This outcome highlights the capability of this analysis of discriminating sites with different environmental sounds, thus allowing to create a map of the acoustic environment over an extended area.

Benocci, R., Potenza, A., Bisceglie, A., Roman, H., & Zambon, G. (2022). Mapping of the Acoustic Environment at an Urban Park in the City Area of Milan, Italy, Using Very Low-Cost Sensors. SENSORS, 22(9), 3528 [10.3390/s22093528].

Mapping of the Acoustic Environment at an Urban Park in the City Area of Milan, Italy, Using Very Low-Cost Sensors

Benocci R.
;
Bisceglie A.;Roman H. E.;Zambon G.
2022

Abstract

The-growing influence of urbanisation on green areas can greatly benefit from passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) across spatiotemporal continua to provide biodiversity estimation and useful information for conservation planning and development decisions. The capability of ecoacoustic indices to capture different sound features has been harnessed to identify areas within the Parco Nord of Milan, Italy, characterised by different degrees of anthropic disturbance and biophonic activity. For this purpose, we used a network of very low-cost sensors distributed over an area of approximately 20 hectares to highlight areas with different acoustic properties. The audio files analysed in this study were recorded at 16 sites on four sessions during the period 25–29 May (2015), from 06:30 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. Seven eco-acoustic indices, namely Acoustic Complexity Index (ACI), Acoustic Diversity Index (ADI), Acoustic Evenness Index (AEI), Bio-Acoustic Index (BI), Acoustic Entropy Index (H), Normalized Difference Soundscape Index (NSDI), and Dynamic Spectral Centroid (DSC) were computed at 1 s integration time and the resulting time series were described by seven statistical descriptors. A dimensionality reduction of the indices carrying similar sound information was obtained by performing principal component analysis (PCA). Over the retained dimensions, describing a large (∼80%) variance of the original variables, a cluster analysis allowed discriminating among sites characterized by different combination of eco-acoustic indices (dimensions). The results show that the obtained groups are well correlated with the results of an aural survey aimed at determining the sound components at the sixteen sites (biophonies, technophonies, and geophonies). This outcome highlights the capability of this analysis of discriminating sites with different environmental sounds, thus allowing to create a map of the acoustic environment over an extended area.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
cluster analysis; eco-acoustics; environmental acoustic mapping; urban parks; very low-cost acoustic sensors;
English
3528
Benocci, R., Potenza, A., Bisceglie, A., Roman, H., & Zambon, G. (2022). Mapping of the Acoustic Environment at an Urban Park in the City Area of Milan, Italy, Using Very Low-Cost Sensors. SENSORS, 22(9), 3528 [10.3390/s22093528].
Benocci, R; Potenza, A; Bisceglie, A; Roman, H; Zambon, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/376583
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