Visuo-motor adaptation to optical prisms (Prism Adaptation, PA), displacing the visual scene laterally, is a behavioral method used for the experimental investigation of visuomotor plasticity, and, in clinical settings, for temporarily ameliorating and rehabilitating unilateral spatial neglect. This study investigated the building up of PA, and the presence of the typically occurring subsequent Aftereffects (AEs) in a brain-damaged patient (TMA), suffering from apperceptive agnosia and a right visual half-field defect, with bilateral atrophy of the parieto-occipital cortices, regions involved in PA and AEs. Base-Right prisms and control neutral lenses were used. PA was achieved by repeated pointing movements toward three types of stimuli: visual, auditory, and bimodal audio-visual. The presence and the magnitude of AEs were assessed by proprioceptive, visual, visuo-proprioceptive, and auditory-proprioceptive straight-ahead pointing tasks. The patient’s brain connectivity was investigated by Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). Unlike control participants, TMA did not show any adaptation to prism exposure, but her AEs were largely preserved. These findings indicate that AEs may occur even in the absence of PA, as indexed by the reduction of the pointing error, showing a dissociation between the classical measures of PA and AEs. In the PA process, error reduction, and its feedback, may be less central to the building up of AEs, than the sensorimotor pointing activity per se.

Albini, F., Pisoni, A., Salvatore, A., Calzolari, E., Casati, C., Marzoli, S., et al. (2022). Aftereffects to Prism Exposure without Adaptation: A Single Case Study. BRAIN SCIENCES, 12(4) [10.3390/brainsci12040480].

Aftereffects to Prism Exposure without Adaptation: A Single Case Study

Albini F.
;
Pisoni A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Salvatore A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Calzolari E.;Casati C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Crespi S. A.;Castellano A.;Bolognini N.;Vallar G.
2022

Abstract

Visuo-motor adaptation to optical prisms (Prism Adaptation, PA), displacing the visual scene laterally, is a behavioral method used for the experimental investigation of visuomotor plasticity, and, in clinical settings, for temporarily ameliorating and rehabilitating unilateral spatial neglect. This study investigated the building up of PA, and the presence of the typically occurring subsequent Aftereffects (AEs) in a brain-damaged patient (TMA), suffering from apperceptive agnosia and a right visual half-field defect, with bilateral atrophy of the parieto-occipital cortices, regions involved in PA and AEs. Base-Right prisms and control neutral lenses were used. PA was achieved by repeated pointing movements toward three types of stimuli: visual, auditory, and bimodal audio-visual. The presence and the magnitude of AEs were assessed by proprioceptive, visual, visuo-proprioceptive, and auditory-proprioceptive straight-ahead pointing tasks. The patient’s brain connectivity was investigated by Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). Unlike control participants, TMA did not show any adaptation to prism exposure, but her AEs were largely preserved. These findings indicate that AEs may occur even in the absence of PA, as indexed by the reduction of the pointing error, showing a dissociation between the classical measures of PA and AEs. In the PA process, error reduction, and its feedback, may be less central to the building up of AEs, than the sensorimotor pointing activity per se.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
hemianopsia; multisensory integration; prism adaptation; single case study;
English
Albini, F., Pisoni, A., Salvatore, A., Calzolari, E., Casati, C., Marzoli, S., et al. (2022). Aftereffects to Prism Exposure without Adaptation: A Single Case Study. BRAIN SCIENCES, 12(4) [10.3390/brainsci12040480].
Albini, F; Pisoni, A; Salvatore, A; Calzolari, E; Casati, C; Marzoli, S; Falini, A; Crespi, S; Godi, C; Castellano, A; Bolognini, N; Vallar, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/376548
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