We present the first characterization of the circumgalactic medium of Ly α emitters (LAEs), using a sample of 96 z ≈ 3.3 LAEs detected with the VLT/MUSE in fields centred on eight bright background quasars. The LAEs have low Ly α luminosities ($sim 10^{42}, ext{erg}, ext{s}^{-1}$) and star formation rates (SFRs) $sim 1~ ext{M}-odot , ext{yr}^{-1}$, which for main-sequence galaxies correspond to stellar masses of only $sim 10^{8.6}, ext{M}-odot$. The median transverse distance between the LAEs and the quasar sightlines is 165 proper kpc (pkpc). We stacked the high-resolution quasar spectra and measured significant excess H i and C iv absorption near the LAEs out to 500 $ ext{km}, ext{s}^{-1}$ and at least ≈250 pkpc (corresponding to ≈7 virial radii). At $lesssim 30~ ext{km}, ext{s}^{-1}$ from the galaxies, the median H i and C iv optical depths are enhanced by an order of magnitude. The absorption is significantly stronger around the ≈1/3 of our LAEs that are part of 'groups', which we attribute to the large-scale structures in which they are embedded. We do not detect any strong dependence of either the H i or C iv absorption on transverse distance (over the range ≈50-250 pkpc), redshift, or the properties of the Ly α emission line (luminosity, full width at half-maximum, or equivalent width). However, for H i, but not C iv, the absorption at $lesssim 100, ext{km}, ext{s}^{-1}$ from the LAE does increase with the SFR. This suggests that LAEs surrounded by more H i tend to have higher SFRs.

Muzahid, S., Schaye, J., Cantalupo, S., Marino, R., Bouche, N., Johnson, S., et al. (2021). MUSEQuBES: Characterizing the circumgalactic medium of redshift ≈3.3 Ly α emitters. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 508(4), 5612-5637 [10.1093/mnras/stab2933].

MUSEQuBES: Characterizing the circumgalactic medium of redshift ≈3.3 Ly α emitters

Cantalupo S.;
2021

Abstract

We present the first characterization of the circumgalactic medium of Ly α emitters (LAEs), using a sample of 96 z ≈ 3.3 LAEs detected with the VLT/MUSE in fields centred on eight bright background quasars. The LAEs have low Ly α luminosities ($sim 10^{42}, ext{erg}, ext{s}^{-1}$) and star formation rates (SFRs) $sim 1~ ext{M}-odot , ext{yr}^{-1}$, which for main-sequence galaxies correspond to stellar masses of only $sim 10^{8.6}, ext{M}-odot$. The median transverse distance between the LAEs and the quasar sightlines is 165 proper kpc (pkpc). We stacked the high-resolution quasar spectra and measured significant excess H i and C iv absorption near the LAEs out to 500 $ ext{km}, ext{s}^{-1}$ and at least ≈250 pkpc (corresponding to ≈7 virial radii). At $lesssim 30~ ext{km}, ext{s}^{-1}$ from the galaxies, the median H i and C iv optical depths are enhanced by an order of magnitude. The absorption is significantly stronger around the ≈1/3 of our LAEs that are part of 'groups', which we attribute to the large-scale structures in which they are embedded. We do not detect any strong dependence of either the H i or C iv absorption on transverse distance (over the range ≈50-250 pkpc), redshift, or the properties of the Ly α emission line (luminosity, full width at half-maximum, or equivalent width). However, for H i, but not C iv, the absorption at $lesssim 100, ext{km}, ext{s}^{-1}$ from the LAE does increase with the SFR. This suggests that LAEs surrounded by more H i tend to have higher SFRs.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
galaxies: haloes; galaxies: high-redshift; intergalactic medium; quasars: Absorption lines;
English
2021
508
4
5612
5637
none
Muzahid, S., Schaye, J., Cantalupo, S., Marino, R., Bouche, N., Johnson, S., et al. (2021). MUSEQuBES: Characterizing the circumgalactic medium of redshift ≈3.3 Ly α emitters. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 508(4), 5612-5637 [10.1093/mnras/stab2933].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/372561
Citazioni
  • Scopus 19
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
Social impact