We investigated the ultraviolet (UV) spectral properties of faint Lyman-α emitters (LAEs) in the redshift range 2.9 = z = 4.6; and we provide material to prepare future observations of the faint Universe. We used data from the MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Survey to construct mean rest-frame spectra of continuum-faint (median MUV of -18 and down to MUV of -16), low stellar mass (median value of 108.4 M· and down to 107 M· ) LAEs at redshift z & 3. We computed various averaged spectra of LAEs, subsampled on the basis of their observational (e.g., Lya strength, UV magnitude and spectral slope) and physical (e.g., stellar mass and starformation rate) properties. We searched for UV spectral features other than Lya, such as higher ionization nebular emission lines and absorption features. We successfully observed the O iiiλ1666 and [C iiiλ1907+C iiiλ1909 collisionally excited emission lines and the He iiλ1640 recombination feature, as well as the resonant C ivλλ1548,1551 doublet either in emission or P-Cygni. We compared the observed spectral properties of the different mean spectra and find the emission lines to vary with the observational and physical properties of the LAEs. In particular, the mean spectra of LAEs with larger Lya equivalent widths, fainter UV magnitudes, bluer UV spectral slopes, and lower stellar masses show the strongest nebular emission. The line ratios of these lines are similar to those measured in the spectra of local metal-poor galaxies, while their equivalent widths are weaker compared to the handful of extreme values detected in individual spectra of z > 2 galaxies. This suggests that weak UV features are likely ubiquitous in high z, lowmass, and faint LAEs. We publicly released the stacked spectra, as they can serve as empirical templates for the design of future observations, such as those with the James Webb Space Telescope and the Extremely Large Telescope.

Feltre, A., Maseda, M., Bacon, R., Pradeep, J., Leclercq, F., Kusakabe, H., et al. (2020). The MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Field Survey: XV. The mean rest-UV spectra of Ly α emitters at z > 3. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 641 [10.1051/0004-6361/202038133].

The MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Field Survey: XV. The mean rest-UV spectra of Ly α emitters at z > 3

Cantalupo S.;
2020

Abstract

We investigated the ultraviolet (UV) spectral properties of faint Lyman-α emitters (LAEs) in the redshift range 2.9 = z = 4.6; and we provide material to prepare future observations of the faint Universe. We used data from the MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Survey to construct mean rest-frame spectra of continuum-faint (median MUV of -18 and down to MUV of -16), low stellar mass (median value of 108.4 M· and down to 107 M· ) LAEs at redshift z & 3. We computed various averaged spectra of LAEs, subsampled on the basis of their observational (e.g., Lya strength, UV magnitude and spectral slope) and physical (e.g., stellar mass and starformation rate) properties. We searched for UV spectral features other than Lya, such as higher ionization nebular emission lines and absorption features. We successfully observed the O iiiλ1666 and [C iiiλ1907+C iiiλ1909 collisionally excited emission lines and the He iiλ1640 recombination feature, as well as the resonant C ivλλ1548,1551 doublet either in emission or P-Cygni. We compared the observed spectral properties of the different mean spectra and find the emission lines to vary with the observational and physical properties of the LAEs. In particular, the mean spectra of LAEs with larger Lya equivalent widths, fainter UV magnitudes, bluer UV spectral slopes, and lower stellar masses show the strongest nebular emission. The line ratios of these lines are similar to those measured in the spectra of local metal-poor galaxies, while their equivalent widths are weaker compared to the handful of extreme values detected in individual spectra of z > 2 galaxies. This suggests that weak UV features are likely ubiquitous in high z, lowmass, and faint LAEs. We publicly released the stacked spectra, as they can serve as empirical templates for the design of future observations, such as those with the James Webb Space Telescope and the Extremely Large Telescope.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Galaxies: evolution; Galaxies: high-redshift; ISM: lines and bands; Ultraviolet: galaxies; Ultraviolet: ISM;
English
Feltre, A., Maseda, M., Bacon, R., Pradeep, J., Leclercq, F., Kusakabe, H., et al. (2020). The MUSE Hubble Ultra Deep Field Survey: XV. The mean rest-UV spectra of Ly α emitters at z > 3. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 641 [10.1051/0004-6361/202038133].
Feltre, A; Maseda, M; Bacon, R; Pradeep, J; Leclercq, F; Kusakabe, H; Wisotzki, L; Hashimoto, T; Schmidt, K; Blaizot, J; Brinchmann, J; Boogaard, L; Cantalupo, S; Carton, D; Inami, H; Kollatschny, W; Marino, R; Matthee, J; Nanayakkara, T; Richard, J; Schaye, J; Tresse, L; Urrutia, T; Verhamme, A; Weilbacher, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/372549
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