We present the discovery of neutral gas detected in both damped Lyα absorption (DLA) and H i 21 cm emission outside of the stellar body of a galaxy, the first such detection in the literature. A joint analysis between the Cosmic Ultraviolet Baryon Survey and the MeerKAT Absorption Line Survey reveals an H i bridge connecting two interacting dwarf galaxies (log (M star/M ⊙) = 8.5 ± 0.2) that host a z = 0.026 DLA with log[N(H i)/cm-2] = 20.60 ± 0.05 toward the QSO J2339-5523 (z QSO = 1.35). At impact parameters of d = 6 and 33 kpc, the dwarf galaxies have no companions more luminous than ≈0.05L ∗ within at least "v = ±300 km s-1 and d ≈ 350 kpc. The H i 21 cm emission is spatially coincident with the DLA at the 2σ-3σ level per spectral channel over several adjacent beams. However, H i 21 cm absorption is not detected against the radio-bright QSO; if the background UV and radio sources are spatially aligned, the gas is either warm or clumpy (with a spin temperature to covering factor ratio T s /f c > 1880 K). Observations with VLT-MUSE demonstrate that the α-element abundance of the ionized interstellar medium (ISM) is consistent with the DLA (≈10% solar), suggesting that the neutral gas envelope is perturbed ISM gas. This study showcases the impact of dwarf-dwarf interactions on the physical and chemical state of neutral gas outside of star-forming regions. In the SKA era, joint UV and H i 21 cm analyses will be critical for connecting the cosmic neutral gas content to galaxy environments.

Boettcher, E., Gupta, N., Chen, H., Chen, M., Jozsa, G., Rudie, G., et al. (2022). Discovery of a Damped Ly α Absorber Originating in a Spectacular Interacting Dwarf Galaxy Pair at z = 0.026. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS, 926(2) [10.3847/2041-8213/ac5250].

Discovery of a Damped Ly α Absorber Originating in a Spectacular Interacting Dwarf Galaxy Pair at z = 0.026

Cantalupo S.;
2022

Abstract

We present the discovery of neutral gas detected in both damped Lyα absorption (DLA) and H i 21 cm emission outside of the stellar body of a galaxy, the first such detection in the literature. A joint analysis between the Cosmic Ultraviolet Baryon Survey and the MeerKAT Absorption Line Survey reveals an H i bridge connecting two interacting dwarf galaxies (log (M star/M ⊙) = 8.5 ± 0.2) that host a z = 0.026 DLA with log[N(H i)/cm-2] = 20.60 ± 0.05 toward the QSO J2339-5523 (z QSO = 1.35). At impact parameters of d = 6 and 33 kpc, the dwarf galaxies have no companions more luminous than ≈0.05L ∗ within at least "v = ±300 km s-1 and d ≈ 350 kpc. The H i 21 cm emission is spatially coincident with the DLA at the 2σ-3σ level per spectral channel over several adjacent beams. However, H i 21 cm absorption is not detected against the radio-bright QSO; if the background UV and radio sources are spatially aligned, the gas is either warm or clumpy (with a spin temperature to covering factor ratio T s /f c > 1880 K). Observations with VLT-MUSE demonstrate that the α-element abundance of the ionized interstellar medium (ISM) is consistent with the DLA (≈10% solar), suggesting that the neutral gas envelope is perturbed ISM gas. This study showcases the impact of dwarf-dwarf interactions on the physical and chemical state of neutral gas outside of star-forming regions. In the SKA era, joint UV and H i 21 cm analyses will be critical for connecting the cosmic neutral gas content to galaxy environments.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
galaxies ; intergalactic medium;
English
Boettcher, E., Gupta, N., Chen, H., Chen, M., Jozsa, G., Rudie, G., et al. (2022). Discovery of a Damped Ly α Absorber Originating in a Spectacular Interacting Dwarf Galaxy Pair at z = 0.026. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS, 926(2) [10.3847/2041-8213/ac5250].
Boettcher, E; Gupta, N; Chen, H; Chen, M; Jozsa, G; Rudie, G; Cantalupo, S; Johnson, S; Balashev, S; Combes, F; Cooksey, K; Faucher-Giguere, C; Krogager, J; Lopez, S; Momjian, E; Noterdaeme, P; Petitjean, P; Rafelski, M; Srianand, R; Walth, G; Zahedy, F
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/372541
Citazioni
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
Social impact