Setting an upper limit or detection of B-mode polarization imprinted by gravitational waves from Inflation is one goal of modern large angular scale cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments around the world. A great effort is being made in the deployment of many ground-based, balloon-borne and satellite experiments, using different methods to separate this faint polarized component from the incoming radiation. QUBIC exploits one of the most widely-used techniques to extract the input Stokes parameters, consisting in a rotating half-wave plate (HWP) and a linear polarizer to separate and modulate polarization components. QUBIC uses a step-by-step rotating HWP, with 15° steps, combined with a 0.4°s-1 azimuth sky scan speed. The rotation is driven by a stepper motor mounted on the cryostat outer shell to avoid heat load at internal cryogenic stages. The design of this optical element is an engineering challenge due to its large 370 mm diameter and the 8 K operation temperature that are unique features of the QUBIC experiment. We present the design for a modulator mechanism for up to 370 mm, and the first optical tests by using the prototype of QUBIC HWP (180 mm diameter). The tests and results presented in this work show that the QUBIC HWP rotator can achieve a precision of 0.15° in position by using the stepper motor and custom-made optical encoder. The rotation induces [removed]99% (68% C.L.) and a median cross-polarization χPol of 0.12%, with 71% of detectors showing a χPol + 2σ upper limit <1%, measured using selected detectors that had the best signal-to-noise ratio.

D'Alessandro, G., Mele, L., Columbro, F., Amico, G., Battistelli, E., de Bernardis, P., et al. (2022). QUBIC VI: Cryogenic half wave plate rotator, design and performance. JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, 2022(04) [10.1088/1475-7516/2022/04/039].

QUBIC VI: Cryogenic half wave plate rotator, design and performance

Zannoni, M.;Banfi, S.;Gervasi, M.;Nati, F.;Passerini, A.;
2022

Abstract

Setting an upper limit or detection of B-mode polarization imprinted by gravitational waves from Inflation is one goal of modern large angular scale cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments around the world. A great effort is being made in the deployment of many ground-based, balloon-borne and satellite experiments, using different methods to separate this faint polarized component from the incoming radiation. QUBIC exploits one of the most widely-used techniques to extract the input Stokes parameters, consisting in a rotating half-wave plate (HWP) and a linear polarizer to separate and modulate polarization components. QUBIC uses a step-by-step rotating HWP, with 15° steps, combined with a 0.4°s-1 azimuth sky scan speed. The rotation is driven by a stepper motor mounted on the cryostat outer shell to avoid heat load at internal cryogenic stages. The design of this optical element is an engineering challenge due to its large 370 mm diameter and the 8 K operation temperature that are unique features of the QUBIC experiment. We present the design for a modulator mechanism for up to 370 mm, and the first optical tests by using the prototype of QUBIC HWP (180 mm diameter). The tests and results presented in this work show that the QUBIC HWP rotator can achieve a precision of 0.15° in position by using the stepper motor and custom-made optical encoder. The rotation induces [removed]99% (68% C.L.) and a median cross-polarization χPol of 0.12%, with 71% of detectors showing a χPol + 2σ upper limit <1%, measured using selected detectors that had the best signal-to-noise ratio.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
CMBR detectors; CMBR experiments; CMBR polarisation; gravitational waves and CMBR polarization;
English
D'Alessandro, G., Mele, L., Columbro, F., Amico, G., Battistelli, E., de Bernardis, P., et al. (2022). QUBIC VI: Cryogenic half wave plate rotator, design and performance. JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, 2022(04) [10.1088/1475-7516/2022/04/039].
D'Alessandro, G; Mele, L; Columbro, F; Amico, G; Battistelli, E; de Bernardis, P; Coppolecchia, A; De Petris, M; Grandsire, L; Hamilton, J; Lamagna, L; Marnieros, S; Masi, S; Mennella, A; O'Sullivan, C; Paiella, A; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pisano, G; Presta, G; Tartari, A; Torchinsky, S; Voisin, F; Zannoni, M; Ade, P; Alberro, J; Almela, A; Arnaldi, L; Auguste, D; Aumont, J; Azzoni, S; Banfi, S; Baù, A; Bélier, B; Bennett, D; Bergé, L; Bernard, J; Bersanelli, M; Bigot-Sazy, M; Bonaparte, J; Bonis, J; Bunn, E; Burke, D; Buzi, D; Cavaliere, F; Chanial, P; Chapron, C; Charlassier, R; Cobos Cerutti, A; De Gasperis, G; De Leo, M; Dheilly, S; Duca, C; Dumoulin, L; Etchegoyen, A; Fasciszewski, A; Ferreyro, L; Fracchia, D; Franceschet, C; Gamboa Lerena, M; Ganga, K; García, B; García Redondo, M; Gaspard, M; Gayer, D; Gervasi, M; Giard, M; Gilles, V; Giraud-Heraud, Y; Gómez Berisso, M; González, M; Gradziel, M; Hampel, M; Harari, D; Henrot-Versillé, S; Incardona, F; Jules, E; Kaplan, J; Kristukat, C; Loucatos, S; Louis, T; Maffei, B; Marty, W; Mattei, A; May, A; Mcculloch, M; Melo, D; Montier, L; Mousset, L; Mundo, L; Murphy, J; Murphy, J; Nati, F; Olivieri, E; Oriol, C; Pajot, F; Passerini, A; Pastoriza, H; Pelosi, A; Perbost, C; Perciballi, M; Pezzotta, F; Piccirillo, L; Platino, M; Polenta, G; Prêle, D; Puddu, R; Rambaud, D; Rasztocky, E; Ringegni, P; Romero, G; Salum, J; Schillaci, A; Scóccola, C; Scully, S; Spinelli, S; Stankowiak, G; Stolpovskiy, M; Supanitsky, A; Thermeau, J; Timbie, P; Tomasi, M; Tucker, C; Tucker, G; Viganò, D; Vittorio, N; Wicek, F; Wright, M; Zullo, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/369930
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