In this study, the behaviour of Daphnia magna was studied under equipotent and sub-lethal concentrations of two pesticides con-geners: chlorpyrifos (CPF; 5 ng L–1 to 50 ng L–1) and chlorpyrifos-methyl (CPF-m; 30 ng L–1 to 300 ng L–1) with aims to assess and compare the behavioural swimming responses (BSRs) of the cladocerans elicited by both compounds at different concentrations and exposure times. A video tracking analysis after 24 h and 48 h of exposure allowed us to evaluate different behavioural responses (distance moved, average velocity, active time, and average acceleration). The results indicate that BSRs are sensitive indicators of sub-lethal stress. Highly concentration-and time-response changes for both compounds were observed during the experiments. In particular, in the first 24 h of exposure, both compounds elicited a similar decreasing trend in swimming behaviour, in which CPF induced the highest decline. Further, hypoactivity was associated with the narcotic effects of both compounds. Conversely, after 48 h of exposure, we observed an increasing tendency in the swimming parameters, particularly at the highest tested concentrations. However, the compounds did not exhibit the same trend. Rather, CPF-m induced high variations from the control groups. This reversal trend could be due to the activation of compensatory mechanisms, such as feeding, searching, or avoidance behaviours. These results suggest that BSRs are measurable active responses of organisms, which are controlled by time.

Di Nica, V., Rizzi, C., Finizio, A., Ferraro, L., Villa, S. (2022). Behavioural responses of juvenile Daphnia magna to two organophosphorus insecticides. JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, 81(1 (03-02-2022)), 42-51 [10.4081/jlimnol.2021.2015].

Behavioural responses of juvenile Daphnia magna to two organophosphorus insecticides

Di Nica, Valeria;Rizzi, Cristiana
;
Finizio, Antonio;Ferraro, Lorenzo;Villa, Sara
2022

Abstract

In this study, the behaviour of Daphnia magna was studied under equipotent and sub-lethal concentrations of two pesticides con-geners: chlorpyrifos (CPF; 5 ng L–1 to 50 ng L–1) and chlorpyrifos-methyl (CPF-m; 30 ng L–1 to 300 ng L–1) with aims to assess and compare the behavioural swimming responses (BSRs) of the cladocerans elicited by both compounds at different concentrations and exposure times. A video tracking analysis after 24 h and 48 h of exposure allowed us to evaluate different behavioural responses (distance moved, average velocity, active time, and average acceleration). The results indicate that BSRs are sensitive indicators of sub-lethal stress. Highly concentration-and time-response changes for both compounds were observed during the experiments. In particular, in the first 24 h of exposure, both compounds elicited a similar decreasing trend in swimming behaviour, in which CPF induced the highest decline. Further, hypoactivity was associated with the narcotic effects of both compounds. Conversely, after 48 h of exposure, we observed an increasing tendency in the swimming parameters, particularly at the highest tested concentrations. However, the compounds did not exhibit the same trend. Rather, CPF-m induced high variations from the control groups. This reversal trend could be due to the activation of compensatory mechanisms, such as feeding, searching, or avoidance behaviours. These results suggest that BSRs are measurable active responses of organisms, which are controlled by time.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
behaviour; chlorpyrifos; chlorpyrifos-methyl; Daphnia magna; video-tracking;
English
42
51
10
Di Nica, V., Rizzi, C., Finizio, A., Ferraro, L., Villa, S. (2022). Behavioural responses of juvenile Daphnia magna to two organophosphorus insecticides. JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, 81(1 (03-02-2022)), 42-51 [10.4081/jlimnol.2021.2015].
Di Nica, V; Rizzi, C; Finizio, A; Ferraro, L; Villa, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/368944
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