Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are ensembles of interconverting conformers whose conformational properties are governed by several physico-chemical factors, including their amino acid composition and the arrangement of oppositely charged residues within the primary structure. In this work, we investigate the effects of charge patterning on the average compactness and shape of three model IDPs with different proline content. We model IDP ensemble conformations as ellipsoids, whose size and shape are calculated by combining data from size-exclusion chromatography and native mass spectrometry. For each model IDP, we analyzed the wild-type protein and two synthetic variants with permuted positions of charged residues, where positive and negative amino acids are either evenly distributed or segregated. We found that charge clustering induces remodeling of the conformational ensemble, promoting compaction and/or increasing spherical shape. Our data illustrate that the average shape and volume of the ensembles depend on the charge distribution. The potential effect of other factors, such as chain length, number of proline residues, and secondary structure content, is also discussed. This methodological approach is a straightforward way to model IDP average conformation and decipher the salient sequence attributes influencing IDP structural properties.

Bianchi, G., Mangiagalli, M., Barbiroli, A., Longhi, S., Grandori, R., Santambrogio, C., et al. (2022). Distribution of Charged Residues Affects the Average Size and Shape of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. BIOMOLECULES, 12(4) [10.3390/biom12040561].

Distribution of Charged Residues Affects the Average Size and Shape of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins

Bianchi, Greta
Primo
;
Mangiagalli, Marco
Secondo
;
Grandori, Rita;Santambrogio, Carlo
Penultimo
;
Brocca, Stefania
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are ensembles of interconverting conformers whose conformational properties are governed by several physico-chemical factors, including their amino acid composition and the arrangement of oppositely charged residues within the primary structure. In this work, we investigate the effects of charge patterning on the average compactness and shape of three model IDPs with different proline content. We model IDP ensemble conformations as ellipsoids, whose size and shape are calculated by combining data from size-exclusion chromatography and native mass spectrometry. For each model IDP, we analyzed the wild-type protein and two synthetic variants with permuted positions of charged residues, where positive and negative amino acids are either evenly distributed or segregated. We found that charge clustering induces remodeling of the conformational ensemble, promoting compaction and/or increasing spherical shape. Our data illustrate that the average shape and volume of the ensembles depend on the charge distribution. The potential effect of other factors, such as chain length, number of proline residues, and secondary structure content, is also discussed. This methodological approach is a straightforward way to model IDP average conformation and decipher the salient sequence attributes influencing IDP structural properties.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
average shape of conformational ensembles; charge clustering; charged-residue patterning; conforma-tional compactness; ellipsoid model; hydrodynamic radius; polyelectrolytes; proline content; solvent-accessible surface area;
English
Bianchi, G., Mangiagalli, M., Barbiroli, A., Longhi, S., Grandori, R., Santambrogio, C., et al. (2022). Distribution of Charged Residues Affects the Average Size and Shape of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. BIOMOLECULES, 12(4) [10.3390/biom12040561].
Bianchi, G; Mangiagalli, M; Barbiroli, A; Longhi, S; Grandori, R; Santambrogio, C; Brocca, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/366186
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