Aims To evaluate the quality of mental health care delivered to patients with schizophrenia and related disorders taken-in-care by mental health services in four Italian regions (Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Lazio, Sicily). Methods Thirty-one clinical indicators concerning accessibility, appropriateness, continuity and safety were defined and estimated using healthcare utilisation (HCU) databases, containing data on mental health treatments, hospital admissions, outpatient interventions, lab tests and drug prescriptions. Results A total of 70 586 prevalent patients with schizophrenia and related disorders treated in 2015 were identified, of whom 1752 were newly taken-in-care by the facilities of regional mental health services. For most patients community care was accessible and moderately intensive. However, care pathways were not implemented based on a structured assessment and only half of the patients received psychosocial treatments. One patient out of ten had access to psychological interventions and psychoeducation. Activities specifically addressed to families involved a third of prevalent patients and less than half of new patients. One patient out of six was admitted to a community residential facility, and one out of ten to a General Hospital Psychiatric Ward (GHPW); higher values were identified in new cases. In general hospitals, few patients had a length of stay (LoS) of more than 30 days, while one-fifth of the admissions were followed by readmission within 30 days of discharge. For two-thirds of patients, continuity of community care was met, and six times out of ten a discharge from a GHPW was followed by an outpatient contact within 2 weeks. For cases newly taken-in-care, the continuity of community care was uncommon, while the readiness of outpatient contacts after discharge was slightly more frequent. Most of the patients received antipsychotic medication, but their adherence to long-term treatment was low. Antipsychotic polytherapy was frequent and the control of metabolic side effects was poor. The variability between regions was high and consistent in all the quality domains. Conclusions The Italian mental health system could be improved by increasing the accessibility to psychosocial interventions, improving the quality of care for newly taken-in-care patients, focusing on somatic health and mortality, and reducing regional variability. Clinical indicators demonstrate the strengths and weaknesses of the mental health system in these regions, and, as HCU databases, they could be useful tools in the routine assessment of mental healthcare quality at regional and national levels.

Lora, A., Monzio Compagnoni, M., Allevi, L., Barbato, A., Carle, F., D'Avanzo, B., et al. (2022). The quality of mental health care delivered to patients with schizophrenia and related disorders in the Italian mental health system. the QUADIM project: A multi-regional Italian investigation based on healthcare utilisation databases. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRIC SCIENCES, 31(14 February 2022) [10.1017/S2045796022000014].

The quality of mental health care delivered to patients with schizophrenia and related disorders in the Italian mental health system. the QUADIM project: A multi-regional Italian investigation based on healthcare utilisation databases

Monzio Compagnoni M.
Secondo
;
Leogrande M.;Corrao G.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Aims To evaluate the quality of mental health care delivered to patients with schizophrenia and related disorders taken-in-care by mental health services in four Italian regions (Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Lazio, Sicily). Methods Thirty-one clinical indicators concerning accessibility, appropriateness, continuity and safety were defined and estimated using healthcare utilisation (HCU) databases, containing data on mental health treatments, hospital admissions, outpatient interventions, lab tests and drug prescriptions. Results A total of 70 586 prevalent patients with schizophrenia and related disorders treated in 2015 were identified, of whom 1752 were newly taken-in-care by the facilities of regional mental health services. For most patients community care was accessible and moderately intensive. However, care pathways were not implemented based on a structured assessment and only half of the patients received psychosocial treatments. One patient out of ten had access to psychological interventions and psychoeducation. Activities specifically addressed to families involved a third of prevalent patients and less than half of new patients. One patient out of six was admitted to a community residential facility, and one out of ten to a General Hospital Psychiatric Ward (GHPW); higher values were identified in new cases. In general hospitals, few patients had a length of stay (LoS) of more than 30 days, while one-fifth of the admissions were followed by readmission within 30 days of discharge. For two-thirds of patients, continuity of community care was met, and six times out of ten a discharge from a GHPW was followed by an outpatient contact within 2 weeks. For cases newly taken-in-care, the continuity of community care was uncommon, while the readiness of outpatient contacts after discharge was slightly more frequent. Most of the patients received antipsychotic medication, but their adherence to long-term treatment was low. Antipsychotic polytherapy was frequent and the control of metabolic side effects was poor. The variability between regions was high and consistent in all the quality domains. Conclusions The Italian mental health system could be improved by increasing the accessibility to psychosocial interventions, improving the quality of care for newly taken-in-care patients, focusing on somatic health and mortality, and reducing regional variability. Clinical indicators demonstrate the strengths and weaknesses of the mental health system in these regions, and, as HCU databases, they could be useful tools in the routine assessment of mental healthcare quality at regional and national levels.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Clinical indicators; healthcare utilisation database; quality of mental healthcare; schizophrenia and related disorders;
English
Lora, A., Monzio Compagnoni, M., Allevi, L., Barbato, A., Carle, F., D'Avanzo, B., et al. (2022). The quality of mental health care delivered to patients with schizophrenia and related disorders in the Italian mental health system. the QUADIM project: A multi-regional Italian investigation based on healthcare utilisation databases. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRIC SCIENCES, 31(14 February 2022) [10.1017/S2045796022000014].
Lora, A; Monzio Compagnoni, M; Allevi, L; Barbato, A; Carle, F; D'Avanzo, B; Di Fiandra, T; Ferrara, L; Gaddini, A; Leogrande, M; Saponaro, A; Scondotto, S; Tozzi, V; Carbone, S; Corrao, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/363846
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