The hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment aμ=(gμ−2)/2 has to be determined at the per-mille level for the Standard Model prediction to match the expected final uncertainty from the ongoing E989 experiment. This is 3 times better than the current precision from the dispersive approach, and 5-15 times smaller than the uncertainty on the purely theoretical determinations from lattice QCD. So far the stumbling-block is the large statistical error in the Monte Carlo evaluation of the required correlation functions which can hardly be tamed by brute force. Here we propose to solve this problem by multi-level Monte Carlo integration, a technique which reduces the variance of correlators exponentially in the distance of the fields. We test our strategy by computing the Hadronic Vacuum Polarization on a lattice with a linear extension of 3 fm, a spacing of 0.065 fm, and a pion mass of 270 MeV. Indeed the two-level integration makes the contribution to the statistical error from long-distances de-facto negligible by accelerating its inverse scaling with the cost of the simulation. These findings establish multi-level Monte Carlo as a solid and efficient method for a precise lattice determination of the hadronic contribution to aμ. As the approach is applicable to other computations affected by a signal-to-noise ratio problem, it has the potential to unlock many open problems for the nuclear and particle physics community.

Dalla Brida, M., Giusti, L., Harris, T., Pepe, M. (2021). Multi-level Monte Carlo computation of the hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to (gμ − 2). PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B, 816(10 May 2021) [10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136191].

Multi-level Monte Carlo computation of the hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to (gμ − 2)

Dalla Brida M.;Giusti L.
;
Harris T.;
2021

Abstract

The hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment aμ=(gμ−2)/2 has to be determined at the per-mille level for the Standard Model prediction to match the expected final uncertainty from the ongoing E989 experiment. This is 3 times better than the current precision from the dispersive approach, and 5-15 times smaller than the uncertainty on the purely theoretical determinations from lattice QCD. So far the stumbling-block is the large statistical error in the Monte Carlo evaluation of the required correlation functions which can hardly be tamed by brute force. Here we propose to solve this problem by multi-level Monte Carlo integration, a technique which reduces the variance of correlators exponentially in the distance of the fields. We test our strategy by computing the Hadronic Vacuum Polarization on a lattice with a linear extension of 3 fm, a spacing of 0.065 fm, and a pion mass of 270 MeV. Indeed the two-level integration makes the contribution to the statistical error from long-distances de-facto negligible by accelerating its inverse scaling with the cost of the simulation. These findings establish multi-level Monte Carlo as a solid and efficient method for a precise lattice determination of the hadronic contribution to aμ. As the approach is applicable to other computations affected by a signal-to-noise ratio problem, it has the potential to unlock many open problems for the nuclear and particle physics community.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Lattice QCD; Magnetic moment; muon; lattice gauge theory;
English
Dalla Brida, M., Giusti, L., Harris, T., Pepe, M. (2021). Multi-level Monte Carlo computation of the hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to (gμ − 2). PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B, 816(10 May 2021) [10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136191].
Dalla Brida, M; Giusti, L; Harris, T; Pepe, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/362009
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