At present, the only method for assessing the fusion power throughput of a reactor relies on the absolute measurement of 14 MeV neutrons produced in the D-T nuclear reaction. For ITER and DEMO, however, at least another independent measurement of the fusion power is required. The 5He∗ nucleus produced in the D-T fusion reaction has two de-excitation channels. The most likely is its disintegration in an alpha particle and a neutron, D + T → 5He∗ → α + n, by means of the nuclear force. There is however also an electromagnetic channel, with a branching ratio ∼10-5, which leads to the emission of a 17 MeV gamma-ray, i.e. D + T → 5He∗ → 5He + γ. The detection of this gamma-ray emission could serve as an independent method to determine the fusion power. In order to enable 17 MeV gamma-ray measurements, there is need for a detector with some coarse energy discrimination and, most importantly, capable of working in a neutron-rich environment. Conventional inorganic scintillators, such as LaBr3(Ce), have comparable efficiencies to neutrons and gamma-rays and they cannot be used for 17 MeV gamma-ray measurements without significant neutron shielding. In order to overcome this limitation, we here propose the conceptual design of a gamma-ray counter with a variable energy threshold based on the Cherenkov effect and designed to operate in intense neutron fields. The detector geometry has been optimized using Geant4 so to achieve a gamma-ray to neutron efficiency ratio better than 105. The design is based on a gas Cherenkov detector and the photo-sensor is still to investigated.

Putignano, O., Croci, G., Muraro, A., Cancelli, S., Giacomelli, L., Gorini, G., et al. (2022). Investigation of a Cherenkov-based gamma-ray diagnostic for measurement of 17 MeV gamma-rays from T(D, γ)5He in magnetic confinement fusion plasmas. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 17(2) [10.1088/1748-0221/17/02/C02021].

Investigation of a Cherenkov-based gamma-ray diagnostic for measurement of 17 MeV gamma-rays from T(D, γ)5He in magnetic confinement fusion plasmas

Putignano O.
;
Croci G.;Muraro A.;Cancelli S.;Gorini G.;Kushoro M. H.;Marcer G.;Nocente M.;Rebai M.;Tardocchi M.
2022

Abstract

At present, the only method for assessing the fusion power throughput of a reactor relies on the absolute measurement of 14 MeV neutrons produced in the D-T nuclear reaction. For ITER and DEMO, however, at least another independent measurement of the fusion power is required. The 5He∗ nucleus produced in the D-T fusion reaction has two de-excitation channels. The most likely is its disintegration in an alpha particle and a neutron, D + T → 5He∗ → α + n, by means of the nuclear force. There is however also an electromagnetic channel, with a branching ratio ∼10-5, which leads to the emission of a 17 MeV gamma-ray, i.e. D + T → 5He∗ → 5He + γ. The detection of this gamma-ray emission could serve as an independent method to determine the fusion power. In order to enable 17 MeV gamma-ray measurements, there is need for a detector with some coarse energy discrimination and, most importantly, capable of working in a neutron-rich environment. Conventional inorganic scintillators, such as LaBr3(Ce), have comparable efficiencies to neutrons and gamma-rays and they cannot be used for 17 MeV gamma-ray measurements without significant neutron shielding. In order to overcome this limitation, we here propose the conceptual design of a gamma-ray counter with a variable energy threshold based on the Cherenkov effect and designed to operate in intense neutron fields. The detector geometry has been optimized using Geant4 so to achieve a gamma-ray to neutron efficiency ratio better than 105. The design is based on a gas Cherenkov detector and the photo-sensor is still to investigated.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cherenkov and transition radiation; Gamma detectors (scintillators, CZT, HPGe, HgI etc.); Gaseous detectors; Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics;
English
Putignano, O., Croci, G., Muraro, A., Cancelli, S., Giacomelli, L., Gorini, G., et al. (2022). Investigation of a Cherenkov-based gamma-ray diagnostic for measurement of 17 MeV gamma-rays from T(D, γ)5He in magnetic confinement fusion plasmas. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 17(2) [10.1088/1748-0221/17/02/C02021].
Putignano, O; Croci, G; Muraro, A; Cancelli, S; Giacomelli, L; Gorini, G; Grosso, G; Kushoro, M; Marcer, G; Nocente, M; Rebai, M; Tardocchi, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/360054
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