Objectives: To evaluate the inter-observer reliability of modified Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours (mRECIST) of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing neo-adjuvant treatments before liver transplant (LT). The agreement of tumor number, size, transplant criteria, and the radiological-pathological concordance were also assessed. Methods: A total of 180 radiological studies before/after neo-adjuvant therapies performed on 90 patients prior to LT were reviewed from three expert centers. Kappa-statistic and intraclass correlation (ICC) were evaluated on mRECIST and on tumoral features. Complete radiological response (CR) was compared with complete pathological response (CPR). Results: Before neo-adjuvant therapies, the agreement on tumor number, size, and transplant criteria ranged from moderate (defined as ICC of 0.41–0.60) to almost perfect (ICC of 0.81–0.99), being higher with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) than CT (0.657–0.899 and 0.422–0.776, respectively). After neo-adjuvant therapies, the agreement decreased, as ICCs ranged between 0.518 and 0.663 with MRI and between 0.508 and 0.677 with CT. Concordant mRECIST pairs were 201 of 270 reviews (76.3%) with a kappa of 0.648 indicating substantial agreement. When the three observers completely agreed on CR, the positive predictive value for CPR was 51.6%. The negative predictive value was 94.2% with a kappa of 0.512 indicating fair agreement between radiology and pathology. Conclusions: mRECIST agreement was substantial among the three observers involved. The agreement on tumor number, size, and transplant criteria ranged from moderate to almost perfect, with the highest ICCs obtained with MRI before neo-adjuvant therapies. Finally, the predictive value of mRECIST in the diagnosis of CPR was only fair. Key Points: • The review of 180 radiological exams of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma before and after neo-adjuvant therapies showed that the concordance among three different raters on mRECIST diagnosis was substantial. • The inter-observer reliability on fulfilment of transplant criteria slightly decreased when evaluated through CT and after loco-regional therapies. • The radiological diagnosis of complete response after neo-adjuvant therapies was predictive of complete pathological response in only 51.6% of cases.

Vicentin, I., Mosconi, C., Garanzini, E., Sposito, C., Serenari, M., Buscemi, V., et al. (2021). Inter-center agreement of mRECIST in transplanted patients for hepatocellular carcinoma. EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, 31(12), 8903-8912 [10.1007/s00330-021-08088-1].

Inter-center agreement of mRECIST in transplanted patients for hepatocellular carcinoma

Garanzini E.;De Carlis L.;
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the inter-observer reliability of modified Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours (mRECIST) of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing neo-adjuvant treatments before liver transplant (LT). The agreement of tumor number, size, transplant criteria, and the radiological-pathological concordance were also assessed. Methods: A total of 180 radiological studies before/after neo-adjuvant therapies performed on 90 patients prior to LT were reviewed from three expert centers. Kappa-statistic and intraclass correlation (ICC) were evaluated on mRECIST and on tumoral features. Complete radiological response (CR) was compared with complete pathological response (CPR). Results: Before neo-adjuvant therapies, the agreement on tumor number, size, and transplant criteria ranged from moderate (defined as ICC of 0.41–0.60) to almost perfect (ICC of 0.81–0.99), being higher with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) than CT (0.657–0.899 and 0.422–0.776, respectively). After neo-adjuvant therapies, the agreement decreased, as ICCs ranged between 0.518 and 0.663 with MRI and between 0.508 and 0.677 with CT. Concordant mRECIST pairs were 201 of 270 reviews (76.3%) with a kappa of 0.648 indicating substantial agreement. When the three observers completely agreed on CR, the positive predictive value for CPR was 51.6%. The negative predictive value was 94.2% with a kappa of 0.512 indicating fair agreement between radiology and pathology. Conclusions: mRECIST agreement was substantial among the three observers involved. The agreement on tumor number, size, and transplant criteria ranged from moderate to almost perfect, with the highest ICCs obtained with MRI before neo-adjuvant therapies. Finally, the predictive value of mRECIST in the diagnosis of CPR was only fair. Key Points: • The review of 180 radiological exams of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma before and after neo-adjuvant therapies showed that the concordance among three different raters on mRECIST diagnosis was substantial. • The inter-observer reliability on fulfilment of transplant criteria slightly decreased when evaluated through CT and after loco-regional therapies. • The radiological diagnosis of complete response after neo-adjuvant therapies was predictive of complete pathological response in only 51.6% of cases.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Carcinoma, hepatocellular; Neoadjuvant therapy; Predictive value of tests; Radiology; Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors;
English
8903
8912
10
Vicentin, I., Mosconi, C., Garanzini, E., Sposito, C., Serenari, M., Buscemi, V., et al. (2021). Inter-center agreement of mRECIST in transplanted patients for hepatocellular carcinoma. EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, 31(12), 8903-8912 [10.1007/s00330-021-08088-1].
Vicentin, I; Mosconi, C; Garanzini, E; Sposito, C; Serenari, M; Buscemi, V; Verna, M; Spreafico, C; Golfieri, R; Mazzaferro, V; De Carlis, L; Cescon, M; Ercolani, G; Vanzulli, A; Cucchetti, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/355688
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