The octocoral family Alcyoniidae represents a rich source of bioactive substances with intriguing and unique structural features. This review aims to provide an updated overview of the compounds isolated from Alcyoniidae and displaying potential cytotoxic activity. In order to allow a better comparison among the bioactive compounds, we focused on molecules evaluated in vitro by using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, by far the most widely used method to analyze cell proliferation and viability. Specifically, we surveyed the last thirty years of research, finding 153 papers reporting on 344 compounds with proven cytotoxicity. The data were organized in tables to provide a ranking of the most active compounds, to be exploited for the selection of the most promising candidates for further screening and pre-clinical evaluation as anti-cancer agents. Specifically, we found that (22S,24S)-24-methyl-22,25-epoxyfurost-5-ene-3β,20β-diol (16), 3β,11-dihydroxy-24-methylene-9,11-secocholestan-5-en-9-one (23), (24S)-ergostane-3β,5α,6β,25 tetraol (146), sinulerectadione (227), sinulerectol C (229), and cladieunicellin I (277) exhibited stronger cytotoxicity than their respective positive control and that their mechanism of action has not yet been further investigated.

Cerri, F., Saliu, F., Maggioni, D., Montano, S., Seveso, D., Lavorano, S., et al. (2022). Cytotoxic Compounds from Alcyoniidae: An Overview of the Last 30 Years. MARINE DRUGS, 20(2) [10.3390/md20020134].

Cytotoxic Compounds from Alcyoniidae: An Overview of the Last 30 Years

Cerri, Federico;Saliu, Francesco
;
Maggioni, Davide;Montano, Simone;Seveso, Davide;Zoia, Luca;Gosetti, Fabio;Lasagni, Marina;Orlandi, Marco;Galli, Paolo
2022

Abstract

The octocoral family Alcyoniidae represents a rich source of bioactive substances with intriguing and unique structural features. This review aims to provide an updated overview of the compounds isolated from Alcyoniidae and displaying potential cytotoxic activity. In order to allow a better comparison among the bioactive compounds, we focused on molecules evaluated in vitro by using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, by far the most widely used method to analyze cell proliferation and viability. Specifically, we surveyed the last thirty years of research, finding 153 papers reporting on 344 compounds with proven cytotoxicity. The data were organized in tables to provide a ranking of the most active compounds, to be exploited for the selection of the most promising candidates for further screening and pre-clinical evaluation as anti-cancer agents. Specifically, we found that (22S,24S)-24-methyl-22,25-epoxyfurost-5-ene-3β,20β-diol (16), 3β,11-dihydroxy-24-methylene-9,11-secocholestan-5-en-9-one (23), (24S)-ergostane-3β,5α,6β,25 tetraol (146), sinulerectadione (227), sinulerectol C (229), and cladieunicellin I (277) exhibited stronger cytotoxicity than their respective positive control and that their mechanism of action has not yet been further investigated.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Scientifica
Alcyoniidae; Biodiversity; Bioprospecting; Coral reefs; Cytotoxicity; Marine drugs;
English
Cerri, F., Saliu, F., Maggioni, D., Montano, S., Seveso, D., Lavorano, S., et al. (2022). Cytotoxic Compounds from Alcyoniidae: An Overview of the Last 30 Years. MARINE DRUGS, 20(2) [10.3390/md20020134].
Cerri, F; Saliu, F; Maggioni, D; Montano, S; Seveso, D; Lavorano, S; Zoia, L; Gosetti, F; Lasagni, M; Orlandi, M; Taglialatela-Scafati, O; Galli, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/355204
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