Presence, flow, narrative absorption, immersion, transportation, and similar subjective phenomena are studied in many different disciplines, mostly in relation to mediated experiences (books, film, VR, games). Moreover, since real, virtual, or fictional agents are often involved, concepts like identification and state empathy are often linked to engaging media use. Based on a scoping review that identified similarities in the wording of various questionnaire items conceived to measure different phenomena, we categorize items into the most relevant psychological aspects and use this categorization to propose an interdisciplinary systematization. Then, based on a framework of embodied predictive processing, we present a new cognitive model of presence-related phenomena for mediated and non-mediated experiences, integrating spatial and temporal aspects and also considering the role of fiction and media design. Key processes described within the model are: selective attention, enactment of intentions, and interoception. We claim that presence is the state of perceived successful agency of an embodied mind able to correctly enact its predictions. The difference between real-life and simulated experiences (“book problem,” “paradox of fiction”) lays in the different precision weighting of exteroceptive and interoceptive signals.

Pianzola, F., Riva, G., Kukkonen, K., Mantovani, F. (2021). Presence, flow, and narrative absorption: an interdisciplinary theoretical exploration with a new spatiotemporal integrated model based on predictive processing [version 2; peer review: 2 approved] Open Research Europe 2021 [Altro] [10.12688/openreseurope.13193.2].

Presence, flow, and narrative absorption: an interdisciplinary theoretical exploration with a new spatiotemporal integrated model based on predictive processing [version 2; peer review: 2 approved] Open Research Europe 2021

Pianzola, Federico
Co-primo
;
Mantovani, Fabrizia
Secondo
2021

Abstract

Presence, flow, narrative absorption, immersion, transportation, and similar subjective phenomena are studied in many different disciplines, mostly in relation to mediated experiences (books, film, VR, games). Moreover, since real, virtual, or fictional agents are often involved, concepts like identification and state empathy are often linked to engaging media use. Based on a scoping review that identified similarities in the wording of various questionnaire items conceived to measure different phenomena, we categorize items into the most relevant psychological aspects and use this categorization to propose an interdisciplinary systematization. Then, based on a framework of embodied predictive processing, we present a new cognitive model of presence-related phenomena for mediated and non-mediated experiences, integrating spatial and temporal aspects and also considering the role of fiction and media design. Key processes described within the model are: selective attention, enactment of intentions, and interoception. We claim that presence is the state of perceived successful agency of an embodied mind able to correctly enact its predictions. The difference between real-life and simulated experiences (“book problem,” “paradox of fiction”) lays in the different precision weighting of exteroceptive and interoceptive signals.
Altro
Scientifica
presence, flow, narrative absorption, predictive processing, active inference
English
Progetto 2017-INTERNAZ-0126 - READIT-Reading Literature in a Digital Culture - BARENGHI, MARIO LUIGI - H2020 – Progetti di ricerca europei finanziati da H2020 - 2017 Rivista Open Research Europe Copyright 1(28) © 2021 Pianzola F et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. First published: 26 Mar 2021, 1:28 https://doi.org/10.12688/openreseurope.13193.1
Pianzola, F., Riva, G., Kukkonen, K., Mantovani, F. (2021). Presence, flow, and narrative absorption: an interdisciplinary theoretical exploration with a new spatiotemporal integrated model based on predictive processing [version 2; peer review: 2 approved] Open Research Europe 2021 [Altro] [10.12688/openreseurope.13193.2].
Pianzola, F; Riva, G; Kukkonen, K; Mantovani, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354671
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