The interest in multitask and deep learning strategies has been increasing in the last few years, in application to large and complex dataset for quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis. Multitask approaches allow the simultaneous prediction of molecular properties that are related, through information sharing, whereas deep learning strategies increase the potential of capturing nonlinear relationships. In this work, we compare the binary classification capability of multitask deep and shallow neural networks to single-task strategies used as benchmark (i.e., as k-nearest neighbours, N-nearest neighbours, random forest and Naïve Bayes), as well as multitask supervised self-organizing maps. Comparison was carried out with an extended QSAR dataset containing annotations of molecular binding, agonism and antagonism activity on 11 nuclear receptors, for a total of 14,963 molecules, divided into training and test sets and labelled for their bioactivity on at least one of 30 binary tasks. Additional 304 chemicals were used as external evaluation set to further validate models. Although no approach systematically overperformed the others, task-specific differences were found, suggesting the benefit of multitask learning for tasks that are less represented. On average, some of the single-task approaches and multitask deep learning strategies had similar performances. However, the latter can have advantages, such as a simpler management of predictions and applicability domain assessment for future samples. On the other hand, the parameter tuning required by neural networks are generally time expensive suggesting that the modelling strategy should be evaluated case by case.

Valsecchi, C., Collarile, M., Grisoni, F., Todeschini, R., Ballabio, D., Consonni, V. (2022). Predicting molecular activity on nuclear receptors by multitask neural networks. JOURNAL OF CHEMOMETRICS, 36(2 (February 2022)) [10.1002/cem.3325].

Predicting molecular activity on nuclear receptors by multitask neural networks

Valsecchi C.;Collarile M.;Todeschini R.;Ballabio D.
;
Consonni V.
2022

Abstract

The interest in multitask and deep learning strategies has been increasing in the last few years, in application to large and complex dataset for quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis. Multitask approaches allow the simultaneous prediction of molecular properties that are related, through information sharing, whereas deep learning strategies increase the potential of capturing nonlinear relationships. In this work, we compare the binary classification capability of multitask deep and shallow neural networks to single-task strategies used as benchmark (i.e., as k-nearest neighbours, N-nearest neighbours, random forest and Naïve Bayes), as well as multitask supervised self-organizing maps. Comparison was carried out with an extended QSAR dataset containing annotations of molecular binding, agonism and antagonism activity on 11 nuclear receptors, for a total of 14,963 molecules, divided into training and test sets and labelled for their bioactivity on at least one of 30 binary tasks. Additional 304 chemicals were used as external evaluation set to further validate models. Although no approach systematically overperformed the others, task-specific differences were found, suggesting the benefit of multitask learning for tasks that are less represented. On average, some of the single-task approaches and multitask deep learning strategies had similar performances. However, the latter can have advantages, such as a simpler management of predictions and applicability domain assessment for future samples. On the other hand, the parameter tuning required by neural networks are generally time expensive suggesting that the modelling strategy should be evaluated case by case.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
classification; deep learning; genetic algorithms; multitask; nuclear receptors; QSAR;
English
9-dic-2020
2022
36
2 (February 2022)
e3325
partially_open
Valsecchi, C., Collarile, M., Grisoni, F., Todeschini, R., Ballabio, D., Consonni, V. (2022). Predicting molecular activity on nuclear receptors by multitask neural networks. JOURNAL OF CHEMOMETRICS, 36(2 (February 2022)) [10.1002/cem.3325].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/354371
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