Genetic structure of six Italian and five Spanish populations of wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera ssp. silvestris) was investigated using nudear and chloroplast SSR analysis. Results show that the Italian populations are characterised by high genomic diversity within populations, with a peak of heterozygosity (Ho = 0.7637) for a population collected in southern Italy. However, the low haplotype richness and the high level of genetic distance detected among the Spanish populations, combined with their low gene flow, shows that these populations suffered from a genetic erosion. Genetic relationship between Italian and Spanish populations was investigated and results showed genetic differentiation between the two populations. Using nuclear and chloroplast SSR markers, the ratio between pollen and seed diffusion was estimated. High pollen flow, as compared with seed flow, suggests that seed diffusion is made difficult, probably due to low germinability and survival of seedlings in the wild. Seed germination and young plant survival must be considered a priority target for in situ conservation programmes. By providing information on population history, genetic structure and gene flow, and by identifying areas harbouring high levels of wild grape variability, this study provides the basis for the preservation of biodiversity of the wild grapevine.

Grassi, F., Imazio, S., Failla, O., Scienza, A., Rubio, R., Lopez, M., et al. (2003). Genetic isolation and diffusion of wild grapevine Italian and Spanish Populations as estimated by nuclear and chloroplast SSR analysis. PLANT BIOLOGY, 5(6), 608-614 [10.1055/s-2003-44689].

Genetic isolation and diffusion of wild grapevine Italian and Spanish Populations as estimated by nuclear and chloroplast SSR analysis

GRASSI, Fabrizio;
2003

Abstract

Genetic structure of six Italian and five Spanish populations of wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera ssp. silvestris) was investigated using nudear and chloroplast SSR analysis. Results show that the Italian populations are characterised by high genomic diversity within populations, with a peak of heterozygosity (Ho = 0.7637) for a population collected in southern Italy. However, the low haplotype richness and the high level of genetic distance detected among the Spanish populations, combined with their low gene flow, shows that these populations suffered from a genetic erosion. Genetic relationship between Italian and Spanish populations was investigated and results showed genetic differentiation between the two populations. Using nuclear and chloroplast SSR markers, the ratio between pollen and seed diffusion was estimated. High pollen flow, as compared with seed flow, suggests that seed diffusion is made difficult, probably due to low germinability and survival of seedlings in the wild. Seed germination and young plant survival must be considered a priority target for in situ conservation programmes. By providing information on population history, genetic structure and gene flow, and by identifying areas harbouring high levels of wild grape variability, this study provides the basis for the preservation of biodiversity of the wild grapevine.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Biodiversity; Chloroplast SSR; Molecular tool; Nuclear SSR; Vitis vinifera ssp. silvestris;
English
608
614
7
Grassi, F., Imazio, S., Failla, O., Scienza, A., Rubio, R., Lopez, M., et al. (2003). Genetic isolation and diffusion of wild grapevine Italian and Spanish Populations as estimated by nuclear and chloroplast SSR analysis. PLANT BIOLOGY, 5(6), 608-614 [10.1055/s-2003-44689].
Grassi, F; Imazio, S; Failla, O; Scienza, A; Rubio, R; Lopez, M; Sala, F; Labra, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/348876
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