Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disabling disorder. High rates of ADHD have been consistently reported among prisoners. The main objectives were (1) to estimate the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in a sample of male inmates and (2) to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and socio-demographic/clinical features. According to the high prevalence of childhood trauma among inmates, we assessed whether exposition to childhood trauma can be related to the presence of ADHD symptoms. Methods: A total of 159 male prisoners admitted to Monza prison between January 2020 and June 2021 were included. Both Wender Utah ADHD rating scale and adult ADHD self-report scale were administered to assess ADHD symptoms. Moreover, inmates completed the childhood trauma questionnaire. Results: Data were available for 108 inmates. Thirty-five prisoners (32.4%) were found on screening to meet the criteria for symptoms of ADHD. Cocaine use disorder, prescription of mood stabilizers and a history of emotional abuse significantly increased the likelihood of having clinically significant ADHD symptoms. Furthermore, patients who experienced physical neglect resulted in meeting the criteria for ADHD symptoms. Conclusions: ADHD symptoms are widespread among inmates and are associated with specific risk factors. Screening for ADHD should be done to provide appropriate intervention strategies.

Capuzzi, E., Capellazzi, M., Caldiroli, A., Cova, F., Auxilia, A., Rubelli, P., et al. (2022). Screening for ADHD Symptoms among Criminal Offenders: Exploring the Association with Clinical Features. HEALTHCARE, 10(2) [10.3390/healthcare10020180].

Screening for ADHD Symptoms among Criminal Offenders: Exploring the Association with Clinical Features

Capuzzi, E
;
Capellazzi, M;Auxilia, AM;Tagliabue, I;Zanvit, FG;
2022

Abstract

Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disabling disorder. High rates of ADHD have been consistently reported among prisoners. The main objectives were (1) to estimate the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in a sample of male inmates and (2) to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and socio-demographic/clinical features. According to the high prevalence of childhood trauma among inmates, we assessed whether exposition to childhood trauma can be related to the presence of ADHD symptoms. Methods: A total of 159 male prisoners admitted to Monza prison between January 2020 and June 2021 were included. Both Wender Utah ADHD rating scale and adult ADHD self-report scale were administered to assess ADHD symptoms. Moreover, inmates completed the childhood trauma questionnaire. Results: Data were available for 108 inmates. Thirty-five prisoners (32.4%) were found on screening to meet the criteria for symptoms of ADHD. Cocaine use disorder, prescription of mood stabilizers and a history of emotional abuse significantly increased the likelihood of having clinically significant ADHD symptoms. Furthermore, patients who experienced physical neglect resulted in meeting the criteria for ADHD symptoms. Conclusions: ADHD symptoms are widespread among inmates and are associated with specific risk factors. Screening for ADHD should be done to provide appropriate intervention strategies.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Childhood trauma; Comorbid; Prison;
English
Capuzzi, E., Capellazzi, M., Caldiroli, A., Cova, F., Auxilia, A., Rubelli, P., et al. (2022). Screening for ADHD Symptoms among Criminal Offenders: Exploring the Association with Clinical Features. HEALTHCARE, 10(2) [10.3390/healthcare10020180].
Capuzzi, E; Capellazzi, M; Caldiroli, A; Cova, F; Auxilia, A; Rubelli, P; Tagliabue, I; Zanvit, F; Peschi, G; Buoli, M; Clerici, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/347987
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